Vulnerability of Local Communities to Oil Installation in Isoko Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

Main Article Content

Cookey A. Tammy
Tombari Bodo
M. M. P. Ukusowa
Jude Igbogho

Abstract

Background of Study: Petroleum exploration has generated over 90 percent revenues to the Nigerian government, and as such the nation pays all her liabilities from the sales of petroleum products. Nigerian’s mono economy mostly based petroleum exploration, has brought a lot of sufferings to the people in the region where the oils are being drilled from. The people of Isoko Local Government Area (LGA) has suffered from the environmental pollution and devastation of their lands as a result of oil exploration activities for many years now, especially from numerous oil installations of the operating oil companies. This study examines the vulnerability of the local communities to these oil installations.

Materials and Methods: The study employed the use of questionnaire to acquire data relating to the vulnerability of communities to oil installation in Isoko LGA in Delta State. 600 copies of questionnaires were administered to the residents of the chosen communities using a simple random sampling technique which gives room for equal chance of any of the resident to be chosen in the study area. Descriptive statistics was used to explain the frequencies of the variables in terms of their percentage. Results of the analysis were presented using tables, bar charts, hazard maps, among others.

Results: it was revealed that the vulnerability to oil installation is high in the Isoko LGA, thereby leading to a high rate of environmental degradation in these communities.

Conclusion: it is concluded that end the suffering of the people to oil installations, the operating oil companies should pay special attention to needs of their host communities and proactive to any possible hazard that might have results from oil installation. The government should enforce the environmental laws that protect the environment and ensure that the multinational oil companies adhere strictly to them.

Keywords:
Vulnerability, exploitation, exploration, petroleum, oil installation

Article Details

How to Cite
Tammy, C. A., Bodo, T., Ukusowa, M. M. P., & Igbogho, J. (2019). Vulnerability of Local Communities to Oil Installation in Isoko Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 9(3), 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330125
Section
Original Research Article

References

Knowles RS. The first pictorial history of the American oil and gas industry 1859-1983. Ohio University Press, Athens, OH. 1983;169.

Knowles RS. The first pictorial history of the American oil and gas industry 1859-1983. Ohio University Press, Athens, OH. 1983;169.

National Energy Policy Development Group. National Energy Policy, Report of the National Energy Policy Development Group; 2001.

Babatunde A. Environmental conflict and the politics of oil in the oil-bearing areas of Nigeria’s Niger Delta. Peace and Conflict Review. 2010;5(1):1-10.

Ebeku KSA. Cyprus hydrocarbons: Lessons from the Nigerian experience. European Scientific Journal. 2018;14(1): 75-96.

Federal Ministry of Environment Abuja, Nigerian Conservation Foundation Lagos, WWF UK and CEESP-IUCN Commission on Environmental, Economic, and Social Policy. Niger Delta Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration Project; 2006.

Bodo T. Deep issues behind the crisis in the Niger Delta region: The case of oil exploration in Ogoniland, Rivers State, Nigeria. Asia Journal of geographical Research. 2019;2(1):1-12.

Bodo T, Ukpong IE. Community participation in the remediation of petroleum impacted sites in Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria. Multi-disciplinary Journal of Research and Development Perspectives. (A publication of University of Calabar). 2018;7(2):97-104.

Bodo T, David LK. The petroleum exploitation and pollution in Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria: The Community Perspective. European Scientific Journal. 2018;14(32):97-212.

Cookey AT, Bodo T, Owunari PT. Health risk implications among solid waste workers in Obio-Akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences. 2019; 9(1):1-6.

David LK, Bodo T, Gimah BG. Petroleum pollution and decrease neuroplasticity in brain development of the Ogoni children in Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Advances in Medicine and Medical Research. 2019; 29(11):1-13.

Akpomuvie OB. Tragedy of commons: Analysis of oil spillage, gas flaring and sustainable development of the Niger delta of Nigeria. Journal of Sustainable Development. 2011;30(2):200-210.

Azaiki SS. Oil, gas and life in Nigeria. Ibadan: Y – Books; 2007.

Hamilton DI. Oil and gas companies and community crises in the Niger Delta. American Review of Political Economy. 2011;3-17.

Imosemi A, Abangwu N. Compensation of oil spill victims in Nigeria: The more the oil, the more the blood? Singaporean Journal of Business Economics and Management Studies. 2013;2(3):30-43.

Mmon P, Igbuku A. Challenges and prospect of environmental/restoration in Niger Delta of Nigeria: The Case of Ogoniland. Journal of Energy Technologies and Policy. 2015;5(1):12- 20.

Jike VT. Us and them: Social determinants of work attitudes in Nigeria’s urban employment sectors. Unpublished Doctoral Thesis, University of Bath, England; 1987.

Agbonofo J. Development as conflict: Ogoni movement, the state and oil resources in Niger Delta, Nigeria, doctoral thesis; 2009.
Available:http://repub.eur.nl/res/pub/32647/90-423-03808_DOK%5B1%5D
(Retrieved on the 5th June, 2019)

Bodo T, David LK, Gimah BG. Isolation and identification of microorganisms associated with bioremediation of oil spilled site in Bodo West, Rivers State, Nigeria. Journal of Geography, Environ-ment and Earth Sciences International. 2019;21(3):1-8.

David LK, Bodo T. Environmental pollution and health challenges of the Ogoni people, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publication. 2019;2(2):28-32.

Oyem A. Christian call for action on Nigerian oil spill. Sage-Oxford’s Christian Environmental Group; 2001.

Nwankwo N, Ifeadi CN. Case studies on the environmental pollution of oil production and marketing in Nigeria; In: Sad PO, Odemerho PO. (eds.). Environ-mental issues and management in Nigeria development, Evans Brothers, Ibadan, Nigeria. 1988;208–223.

Bodo T. Community Understanding of the Environmental and Socio-economic Consequences of Petroleum Exploitation in Ogoni, Rivers State, Nigeria. International Journal of Advanced Research and Publications. 2018;2(11):51-55.