Socioeconomic Factors Responsible for Livelihood Improvement of Agar (Aquilaria malaccensis. roxb) Oil Producers of Maulvibazar District, Bangladesh

Main Article Content

Bibi Marium
Jasim Uddin Ahmed
Kanij Fatema
Md. Nur Mozahid

Abstract

Aims: The study was accomplished for assessing the impact of agar oil production on livelihood improvement of its producers.

Study Design: This article is a socioeconomic study and placed on empirical analysis. It conducted the socioeconomic factors which had an impact on the livelihood improvement of agar oil producers.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted at Barlekha Upazilla of Maulvibazar District of Bangladesh. The study period was mid-June to mid-September/2017.

Methodology: The relevant data were collected from the agar oil producers of Maulvibazar District, Bangladesh. Household having at least one factory were included for the study. A total of 60 households among 180 household were selected as sample. Field survey data were collected through face to face interviewing of the respondents using a structured questionnaire through simple random sampling. After cleaning and correcting the data Microsoft Excel and Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) were used for analyzing the data.

Results: The average family size was found 10.17 (small: 10%; medium: 45% and large: 45%) and majority (63.3%) belongs to the graduation level, meaning having 16.0 years of education. The results of the regression model revealed that amount of annual income, credit access of household, membership of an organization had the positive impact and an increasing the age of household head had a negative effect on livelihood improvement. Instead of having different constraints, the major problems faced by the producers in agar oil production were lack of industrial gas connection and lack of modern laboratory.

Conclusion: In order to enrich the livelihood improvement of agar oil producer’s industrial gas connection, modern laboratory and better credit services should be well executed by different government and non-government organization.

Keywords:
Socioeconomic, agar oil, livelihood improvement, factors, Maulvibazar, Bangladesh.

Article Details

How to Cite
Marium, B., Ahmed, J. U., Fatema, K., & Mozahid, M. N. (2019). Socioeconomic Factors Responsible for Livelihood Improvement of Agar (Aquilaria malaccensis. roxb) Oil Producers of Maulvibazar District, Bangladesh. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 9(4), 1-10. https://doi.org/10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i430129
Section
Original Research Article

References

Chen HQ, Yang JS, Zhang Z, Yang Y. Chemical constituents of agar wood originating from the endemic genus Aquilari plants. Chem Biodivers. 2012;92: 236-250.

Chhipa H, Chowdhary K, Kaushik N. Artificial production of agarwood oil in Aquilaria sp. by fungi: A review. Phytochem. 2017;16:835-848.

Farid MM, Rdam A. Costs and benefits analysis of Aquilaria species on plantation for agarwood production in Malaysia. Int. J. Bus. Social Sci. 2010;1:2-16.

Harris T. Agar wood-Is it endangered? Internet Resource; 2010.
Available:http://www.enfleurage.com/pages/Agarwood%252dIs-it-Endangered%3F.html

Gibson B. The agar wood files. Website Resource; 1997.
Available:http://www.cropwatch.org/agarwood.htm

Chetpattananondh P. Overview of agarwood oil industry. International Federation of Essential Oils and Aroma Trades; 2012.

Selina A, Islam MT, Zulkefeli, Sirajul M, Islam Khan SI. Agarwood production – A multidisciplinary field to be explored in Bangladesh. Int. J. Pharmaceutical Life Sci. 2013;2:76-83.

Abdin J. The Bangladeshi agarwood industry: Development barriers and a potential way forward. Int. J. Economics Management Sci. 2014;3:7-12.

Edna C, Matthe NP, Adesope CON. Livelihood diversity strategies of rural women in Imo State Nigeria. Nigerian J. Agricultural Extension. 2007;10:117-123.

Chambers R, Conway G. Sustainable rural livelihoods: What contribution can we make? London: Department for International Development; 1992.

Pornpunyapat J, Pakamas C, Chakrit T. Mathematical modeling for extraction of essential oil from Aquilaria crassna by hydrodistillation and quality of agarwood oil. Bangladesh J. Pharmacology. 2011;6: 18-24.

Saikia P, Khan ML. Agar (Aquilaria malaccensis Lam.): A promising crop in the home gardens of upper Assam, Northeastern India. J. Tropical Agric. 2012;50:8-14.

BBS. District Statistics, Maulvibazar. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistics and Information Division. Ministry of Planning, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka; 2011.

Jha KK. Agarwood plantation and products as livelihood strategy. A case study from Bankhlong Sai Village, Northeast Thailand. 2014;8(1):15-59.

Shahidullah AKM, Haque CE. Linking medicinal plant production with livelihood enhancement in Bangladesh: Implications of a vertically integrated value chain. The Journal of Transdisciplinary Environmental Studies. 2010;9(2).

BBS. Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics. Statistics and Information Division. Ministry of Planning. Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, Dhaka; 2015.

Gujarati DN. Basic econometrics, 4th Edn. New Delhi. The McGra Hill Companies; 2003.

Afrad MSI. Farmers attitudes towards vegetable cultivation in Dumki Upazila of Patuakhali district, M.S Thesis. Submitted to Department of Agricultural Economics, Bangladesh Agricultural University, Mymensingh; 2002.