Exploring Job Crafting: Identifying the Way Lecturers of CLCS Adjust to Their Job

Main Article Content

Jigme Dorji
Dawa Drakpa


This study aimed to examine the job crafting practice among the lecturers of College of Language and Culture Studies (CLCS), Bhutan. The study applied quantitative research approach and used Slemp and Vella-Brodrick’s [1] Job Crafting Questionnaire to collect data. The data were collected from 42 lecturers (Male=35 and Female=7) of the college, and analyzed using SPSS to calculate descriptive analysis, frequency, mean and standard deviation. The findings showed that the participants of this study were highly engaged in job crafting. Of three forms of job crafting, relational crafting, cognitive crafting and task crafting, the findings suggested that participants were most likely to be engaged in relational crafting. Further, the findings showed that the lecturers who lacked job resources engaged more in job crafting. Also, it was found that while the gender does not influence job crafting practice, the demographic factor such as participants’ qualification and number of years in the job seem to be affecting their job crafting practice. The study has drawn some strategic implication for employee engagement and wellbeing enhancement.

Job crafting, job design, job resource, job demand.

Article Details

How to Cite
Dorji, J., & Drakpa, D. (2020). Exploring Job Crafting: Identifying the Way Lecturers of CLCS Adjust to Their Job. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 12(3), 59-70. https://doi.org/10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i330193
Original Research Article


Slemp GR, Vella-Brodrick DA. The job crafting questionnaire: A new scale to measure the extent to which employees engage in job crafting. International Journal of Wellbeing. 2013;3(2):126- 146. DOI: 10.5502/ijw.v3i2.1

Phanchung, Choden T. Creating an enabling research culture at the Royal University of Bhutan – An analysis. Bhutan Journal of Research and Development. 2019;8(2):15-24.

Sherub K, Scheulka MJ. The value of research culture. Druk Journal. 2019;5(1):72-83.

Schofield JW. Higher education in Bhutan: Progress and challenges In Scheulka MJ and Maxwell TW (Eds.), Education in Bhutan: Culture, Schooling, and Gross National Happiness. Springer Publishing. 2016;87-102

Wrzesniewski A, Dutton JE. Crafting a job: Revisioning employees as active crafters of their work. Academy of Management Review. 2001;26:179-201. DOI: 10.2307/259118

Wang HJ, Demerouti E. A review of job crafting research: The role of leader behaviors in cultivating successful job crafter. In S.K. Parker & U.K. Bindl (Eds), Proactivity at work (Series in Organization and Management). Routledge; 2016.

Berg JM, Dutton JE, Wrzesniewski A. What is job crafting and why does it matter?. Regents of the University of Michigan; 2007.

Rudolph CW, Katz IM, Lavigne KN, Zacher H. Job crafting: A meta-analysis of relationships with individual differences, job characteristics, and work outcomes. Journal of Vocational Behavior. 2017;102:112-138. DOI:10.1016/j.jvb.2017.05.008

Tims M, Bakker AB, Derks D. The impact of job crafting on job demands, job resources, and well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2013;18(2):230-240. DOI:10.1037/a0032141

Letona-Ibañez O, Carrasco M, Martinez-Rodriguez S, Amillano A, Ortiz-Marques N. Cognitive, relational and task crafting: Spanish adaptation and analysis of psychometric properties of the Job Crafting Questionnaire. PLoS ONE. 2019;14(10). DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0223539

Petrou P, Demerouti E, Peeters MCW, Schaufeli W B, Hetland J. Crafting a job on a daily basis: Contextual correlates and the link to work engagement. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2012;3(3):1120-1141. DOI: 10.1002/job.1783

Bakker AB, Demerouti E. Job Demands-Resources theory: Taking stock and looking forward. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 2017;22:273–285. DOI:10.1037/ocp0000056

Wellman N, Spreitzer G. Crafting scholarly life: Strategies for creating meaning in academic careers. Journal of Organizational Behavior. 2011;3(26):927-931. DOI:10.1002/jop.708

Niessen C, Weseler D, Kostova P. When and why do individuals craft their jobs? The role of individual motivation and work characteristics for job crafting. Human Relation. 2016;69:1287-1313. DOI:10.1177/0018726715610642

Lichtenthaler PW, Fischbach A. Leadership, job crafting, and employee health and performance. leadership & Organization Development Journal. 2018;39(5):620-632. DOI: 10.1108/LODJ-07-2017-0191

Brucker DL, Sunder V. Job Crafting among American workers with disabilities. Journal of Ocupational Rehabilitation; 2020. DOI: 10.1007/s10926-020-09889-9

Lyons P. The crafting of jobs and individual differences. Journal of Business and Psychology. 2008;23(1):25-36. DOI: 10.1007/s10869-008-9080-2

Hassian K, Zhao M. Job crafting practices and work satisfaction: Evidence from higher education sector in Shaanxi, China. The new educational review; 2018. DOI:10.15804/tner.2018.52.2.05

Creswell J. Educational research: Planning, conducting, and evaluating quantitative and qualitative research (4TH ed). Pearson Education, Boylston Street, Boston; 2012.

Fraenkel JR, Wallen NE, Hyan HH. How to design and evaluate research ineducation (8th Ed). New York, America: McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc; 2012.

Nielsen K, Antino M, Sanz-Vergel A, Alfredo Rodríguez-Muñoz A. Validating the Job Crafting Questionnaire (JCRQ): A multi-method and multi-sample study, Work & Stress. 2017;31(1):82- 99. DOI: 10.1080/02678373.2017.1293752

Chiang C, Chapman H, Elder R. Overcoming challenges to collaboration: Nurse Educators’ Experiences in Curriculum Change of Nursing education. 2011;50(1):27-33. DOI: 10.3928/01484834-20101029-04

Strauss A, Corbin J. Basics of qualitative research: Techniques and procedures for developing grounded theory. 2nd Ed. New Delhi: Sage Publications India Ltd; 1998.