Enhancing Stress Resilience: A Study on Stress Management Strategies among Students at Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria

E. P. Okoro *

Department of Business Education, Delta State University, Abrak, Nigeria.

*Author to whom correspondence should be addressed.


The study investigated stress management among students of Delta State University Abraka, Nigeria. The study adopted the descriptive survey design. The target population which served as sample of the study comprised 982 final year students of the faculty of education and faculty of social sciences. There was no sampling since the population was manageable. An 88-item questionnaire was the instrument used for data collection. The questionnaire contained two parts: part A had 4 items of demographic variables of respondents – Name of faculty, department, sex and age. Part B contained 85 items based on the three Research Questions: 1 contained 34 items, 2 contained 27 items and 3 contained 24 items. The questionnaire was structured on a 4-point scale of responses: Very High Extent 4-points, High Extent 3-points, Low Extent 2-points, Very Low Extent 1-point. There was face and content validity of the instrument. To ensure internal consistency of the instrument, 155 copies of the questionnaire were administered to final year students at the Kwara State University, Malete. The data collected were subjected to Cronbach alpha which yielded the following reliability coefficient results: 1(r=0.93), 2(r=0.90) and 3(r=0.88). A total of 1024 copies of the questionnaire were administered. 982 copies were fully completed and returned giving a 91.32% rate of return. The study took a period of six weeks. Data collected were analysed using mean and standard deviations. All the findings are to a High Extent for causes of stress, effect of stress and stress management strategies among students of Delta State University, Abraka. Among the stress management strategies identified are learning security, adequate counselling services and avoiding of unnecessary competitions. It was recommended among others that students workload should be reduced, universities should give students access to free periodic medical examination, student should be involved in decision making and government should aid the universities to provide adequate learning facilities to reduce stress.

Keywords: Stress, strategies, management, students, university

How to Cite

Okoro, E. P. (2024). Enhancing Stress Resilience: A Study on Stress Management Strategies among Students at Delta State University, Abraka, Nigeria. Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, 22(5), 10–18. https://doi.org/10.9734/arjass/2024/v22i5533


Download data is not yet available.


Selye H. The Stress of Life. New York, McGraw-Hill; 1956.

Bartwal, RS Singh R. Academic stress of school going adolescents. Indian Streams Research Journal. 2014;3(12): 01-04.

Hellhammer D, Hellhammer J. (Eds.). Stress: The brain-body connection, karger medical and scientific publishers. Basel; 2008.

Longe J, Sadoh S. Causes and effect of stress on learning among students in university of benin. Port Harcourt Journal of Social Sciences. A publication of the Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Port Harcourt. 2019;9(1):14-23.

Freedy J, Flobfoll SE. Conversation of Resources: A general Stress Theory Applied to Burnout. In Professional Burnout. Routledge. Chicago. 2017;115-129.

Crockett LJ, Iturbide M1, Torres SR, Mc Ginley M., Rafficili M, Carlo G.. Acculturative Stress, Social Support and Coping: Relations to Psychological Adjustment among Mexican American College Students. Cultural “Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology. 2007;13(4).

Davis M. The Relaxation and Stress Reduction Work Book, New Harbinger Inc. Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, M. A.; 2000.

Hussien T, Hussien S. Strategies for coping educational and psychological stress. Dar Alfiker. Amman; 2006.

Broman-Fulks J, others Wellness literacy, Kendall Chao R. Managing perceived stress among college students: The roles of social support and dysfunctional coping. Journal of College Counseling. 2012;15(1):5-21.

Martin P. The healing mind: The vital links between brain and behaviour, immunity and disease. Thomas Dunne Books; 1997.

Hong J, Zhang L. Research on college students’ stresses and coping strategies. International Journal of Asian Social Science. 2011;7(10):30–34.

Peretomode VF. Fundamentals of Management and Organization Behaviour.Onosomegbo who Ogbinaka Publishers Limited. 2008;280-301.

James BO, Omoaregba JO, Igberase OO. Prevalence and correlates of poor sleep quality Among medical students at a Nigerian university annals of Nigerian; 2011.

Awofodu AD, Emi IJ. An investigation into the Relationship between Stress and the Academic Achievement of Biology Students in Nigeria Universities (A Case Study of Tai Solarin University of Education, Jagun, Ijebu-Ode, Ogun State). Science Journal of Psychology. 2011;2011.

Okoro P. Appraisal of Students’ Academic Performance in Shorthand in College of Education, Warri. ATBU Journal of Science, Technology and Education. 2018;6(2):283–292.

Yusoff M, Yaacob M, Naing N, Esa A. Innovative Ideas: Education in Medicine Journal. 2013;5(3):e-99-e99

France R. “Effective Stress Management”. In Gray P. Edu; Management in General Practice, London: The Royal College of General Practitioners; 1993.

Israel B, Baker E, Goldenhar L, Heaney C, Schurman S. Occupational Stress, Safety, and Health: Conceptual Framework and principles for effective prevention interventions. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology. 1996; 3:261–286.

Ulrich R et al. Stress recovery during exposure to natural and urban environments. Journal of Environmental Psychology. 1991;11:201-230.

Honold J, Leandro M, Meer E. coping with ambient stress: Factorial structure and stressor – Specificity of a General Scale. Journal of Social and Behavioural Sciences. 2016;131:491–496.

Walker P, Tassinary C. Stress Management. In Seel N. M. (ed). Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning. Springer, Boston, M.A.; 2008.

Cox T, Griffiths A, Rial-Gonzalez E. Research on Work-Related Stress, Office for Official Publications of the European Communities: Luxembourg; 2000.