Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences 2021-06-17T02:46:37+00:00 Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences Open Journal Systems <p style="text-align: justify;"><strong>Asian Research Journal of Arts &amp; Social Sciences (ISSN: 2456-4761)</strong> aims to publish high quality papers (<a href="/index.php/ARJASS/general-guideline-for-authors">Click here for Types of paper</a>) in all areas of Arts, Humanities and Social sciences. This journal facilitates the research and wishes to publish papers as long as they are technically correct, scientifically motivated. The journal also encourages the submission of useful reports of negative results. This is a quality controlled, OPEN peer reviewed, open access INTERNATIONAL journal.</p> Capacity Development, a Tool for Promoting Efficient Primary Health Care Services Delivery in Obudu Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria 2021-06-09T06:12:10+00:00 E. M. Ushie J. A. Adie G. A. Osim-Ekpe B. J. Nwani I. A. Beshel <p>This study is intended to investigate the role of Capacity development in promoting efficient primary health care services delivery in Obudu Local Government Area, Cross River State, Nigeria. To achieve the purpose of this study, the researchers set out basic structures for the study and three research objectives were identified and three research questions were framed which resulted in three hypothesis. A well designed questionnaire was prepared, one hundred and thirty (130) copies printed and distributed to Primary Health Care workers in the Local Government for completion. One hundred and twenty (120) copies (of the questionnaire) were returned, representing 92% success, while ten (10) copies were destroyed for want of information and poor completion. The one hundred and twenty (120) copies were used for analysis. The data were extracted from the questionnaire and arranged in tables to ease analysis. The result revealed that; capacity development will result in the development of sustainable skills among Primary health care workers in Obudu Local Government Area, Cross River State; capacity development can bring about efficient health services delivery at the Primary health care level and serve as a means of motivating Primary health care workers in Obudu Local Government Area, Cross River State. The study recommended that; Capacity development should be promoted to sustain skills among Primary health care workers, Primary health care workers should be encourage to attend professional development seminars and incentives should be provided to motivate them to attend workshops and certificates issued from such workshops should be used as bases for promotion. It is hope that this will bring about tremendous changes in services delivery at the Primary Health Care level in the Local Government.</p> 2021-06-09T06:09:48+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## The Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons and the Challenges of National Security in Nigeria: A Case Study of Adamawa State 2021-06-10T08:42:09+00:00 Umaru Tsaku Samuel <p>The proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons (SALWs) is a major national security challenge in Nigeria. The insecurity resulting from insurgency, banditry, militancy, kidnapping, armed robbery, ethno-religious and communal conflicts have become worrisome in Nigeria. All this, are perpetrated with small arms and light weapons, which are easily concealed and used to unleash violence in the society. There is hardly any week that passes by, without a report of one attack or the other somewhere in Nigeria. Adamawa state is not different as security challenges perpetrated with SALWs have destroyed lives and properties, and displaced a lot of people many of whom are farmers thereby, threatening food security. Again, Boko-Haram insurgency has over the years increased the availability of SALWs in the state. Porosity of Nigerian borders in Adamawa state axis has equally made it much easier for criminals to smuggle in SALWs into the state from neighboring Cameroon. The security agencies that are saddled with the responsibility to check this are complicit, as the bad ones facilitate the smuggling or are themselves sources of SALWs. Today, there is mutual distrust and deep seated grievances among the various ethnic groups co-habiting the state due to injustice. The deep seated grievances have made groups to acquire SALWs for self-help and retaliation. Furthermore, suspicion is commonplace and many people have lost trust and faith in the security architecture of the state government. Thus, people have resorted to the acquisition of SALWs for self-defense. Above all, politicians procure arms for the youths during elections. These arms are never returned as they are used to make ends meet due to poverty and unemployment ravaging the country. It is within the context of this broad narrative that the proliferation of SALWs is situated in Adamawa state nay Nigeria. Therefore, to check this menace, there is need to rejig the security architecture of Adamawa state and indeed Nigeria. Border security must be strengthened through cross-border security arrangement with Nigeria neighbors. The culture of violence in politics must be de-emphasized and the premium attached to political office should be reduced. Poverty and unemployment should be reduced and Justice should be served to all who deserve it. Finally, mutual trust should be encouraged by the government to foster inter-ethnic and religious co-existence and harmony among the diverse people in the state.</p> 2021-06-10T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement## Consolidating Peace in the Niger Delta for National Development in Nigeria: Rising Beyond Tokenism 2021-06-17T02:46:37+00:00 Umaru Tsaku Samuel Moses E. U. Tedheke <p>This study attempts an investigation into oil politics and other related issues that have generated security crisis in the Niger Delta region, which made peace to elude the people over the years. For decades, peace in the Niger Delta remains a mirage because of the violence and counter violence unleashed by the different stakeholders in oil production in the Niger Delta. While the militants in the Niger Delta resorted to kidnapping of expatriates, oil theft, and the destruction of oil installations of the international oil companies to register their grievances against the Nigerian state and international oil companies over the debilitating development conditions in oil producing communities, the Nigerian state had militarized the region to maintain law and order in the oil producing areas in order to secure oil installations of the international oil companies which were targeted for destruction by the militants who felt the federal government and oil companies have not done enough to improve the living conditions of the people. To pacify the Niger Delta people and to ensure seamless oil production in the region, the federal government introduced some initiatives and created different Commissions such as the Oil Mineral Producing Areas Development Commission, increased derivation formula in revenue allocation to 13 percent and the establishment of the Niger Delta Development Commission to engender peace and development in the region. In recent times however, the federal government in furtherance of its commitment to resolve the Niger Delta crisis created the Ministry of Niger Delta and equally granted Amnesty for repentant militants with a view to re-integrating them back to the society in the interest of national peace and development. Except for Amnesty Programme which introduced relative peace in the Niger Delta, which itself failed to address the root causes of underdevelopment, all other initiatives have not engendered development and lasting peace in the oil-rich Niger Delta region. These initiatives and Commissions were simply tokenism as they failed to fundamentally, reposition the region on the path of sustainable growth and development. However, in generating data for this research, both primary and secondary data were used for analysis. The primary data were obtained from questionnaires, interviews and focus group discussions carried out in Bayelsa and River states. The study concluded that peace and development is possible in the Niger Delta if conscious and deliberate efforts are made by the government and international oil companies to improve the lots of the people who bear the devastating consequences of oil production in Nigeria.&nbsp;</p> 2021-06-14T00:00:00+00:00 ##submission.copyrightStatement##