Open Access Commentary

Communicative Life-world and Religion

Raffaela Giovagnoli

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/29147

Life-world represents the background of beliefs, moral values, cultural norms that are presupposed in ordinary life and communication. Our social world evolves through communication that can assume the form of the uses of language (ordinary and extra-ordinary). We will see that both aspects are crucial to understand the process of secularism and the new “post-secular” society.

Open Access Commentary

Religion as the Opium of the Masses: A Study of the Contemporary Relevance of Karl Marx

Dare Ojo Omonijo, Onyekwere Oliver Chizaram Uche, Obiajulu Anthony Ugochukwu Nnedum, Bernard Chukwukeluo Chine

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/28326

This article used data from descriptive background to examine the view of Karl Marx on Christian religion in Nigeria today. It examined both the negative and the positive impact of Karl Marx’s view on religion in academia. The study also examined the reality of his view on Christianity the present day Nigeria. The study concluded that Christianity of the time of Karl Marx has lost its fervour and could no longer be termed the opium of the masses at least in contemporary Nigeria and therefore suggests a shift from being religious to being 'born again' in order to experience effective and efficient transformation.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Domestic Debt on Economic Growth of Nigeria

Donatus O. Onogbosele, Mordecai D. Ben

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/27224

This paper empirically examined the impact of domestic debt on economic growth of Nigeria for the period 1985-2014 using annual time series data on variables as gross domestic product, treasury bonds, development stocks, federal government of Nigeria bonds and interest rate, sourced from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical Bulletin, 2014. The study employed the Augmented Dickey-Fuller Unit Root test and the Vector Autoregression method of analysis. The findings of the multivariate Vector Autoregression model revealed that domestic debt plays an important role in the growth process of Nigerian economy judging from the high R2 (0.983616) and the statistically significant F-value (102.0618) of the gross domestic product regression. The variance decomposition analysis revealed that federal government of Nigeria bonds exert more pressure on the growth rate of gross domestic product in Nigeria. This was followed by shocks received from treasury bonds, while development stocks and interest rate contributed the least to shocks in gross domestic product. The findings of the impulse response function in support of the variance decomposition analysis showed that economic growth responded positively to shocks in federal government of Nigeria bonds and negatively to shocks in treasury bonds throughout the ten year period. Meanwhile, the response of gross domestic product to shocks in development stocks and interest rate was unstable. The study therefore recommended that government should resort to acquiring funds majorly through federal government of Nigeria bonds since the federal government of Nigeria bonds have a highly significant positive impact on economic growth.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Use Efficiency among Cocoyam Farmers in Anambra State of Nigeria

Ume Smiles Ifeanyichukwu, Ezeano Caleb Ike, Agu Leonard Uchechukwu, I. Emma-Ajah Josphine

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/27424

The study was on economics of cocoyam production in Anambra State. Data used were generated through structured questionnaire and interview schedules administered on 120 cocoyam farmers selected randomly from the study area. Net farm income analysis was used to capture the profitability of cocoyam production in the study area. Furthermore, ordinary least squares regression method was used to analyse the resource use efficiency data, subsequently the allocative indices of the farmers were derived and explained. Result shows that cocoyam production in the study area is profitable with average total revenue of N840,000, total cost of N408,608 and net farm income of N431,392. Result of the resource efficiency showed that farmers did not achieve optimum allocative efficiency in the use of the any of the resources. In general, the elasticity of production show that they were operating at increasing returns to scale.

The main problems to cocoyam production were poor access to credit, inadequate extension contact, high cost of inorganic fertilizer and high cost of labour. Among the recommendations made including; need for policy options that would enable farmers to employ more of the resources that were under utilized, while for over utilized resources, farmers should use less of the resource in their productions in order to achieve higher productivity. Furthermore, the need to enhance farmers’ access to; improved production inputs, credit through micro finance banks and adequate motivation of extension agent and among others were proffered.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

The Advantages of Reserve Officer Training Unit (ROTU)’s Activities to Future TVET Teachers

Mohamad Hisyam Mohd. Hashim

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/27125

Reserve Officer Training Unit (ROTU) is one of the co-curriculums activities that created only by public higher education institutions in Malaysia. The main objective of the establishment ROTU is to provide highly skilled and qualified personnel for conducting the reserve team of the Malaysian Army. Thus, through the exercises performed, ROTU should be able to generate human capital needs of the country in the future. This paper has discussed the advantages of ROTU’s activities to be applied in the prospective teachers to prepare for the proficiency levels are professionalised teacher after graduation in public higher education institutions.The qualitative research methodology had been used which data had been collected through Interviews, observation and documents analysis. Research findings show that the ROTU’s activities was encouraging developments in the aspect of leadership, mental toughness, self-confidence and a spirit of cooperation that can be applied in the future TVET teachers. Prospective teachers should prepare him/her to become a quality human capital in terms of leadership, self-confidence and mental strength before they are revealed to be a professional teacher later.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Effect of Youth Rural-urban Migration on Child Labour Use in Rice Production in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State Nigeria

Ume Smiles Ifeanyichukwu, Ejenma Enyinnaya, Chikwendu Lazurus, Weje Ikezam Innocent

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/27427

Effect of youth “Rural-Urban Migration” on child labour use in rice production in Afikpo South Local Government Area of Ebonyi State was undertaken in this study. A total of one hundred and twenty (120) respondents were selected using multi-stage random sampling technique across the local government area. Data which comprised of information on the socioeconomic characteristics and the other relevant variables of interest were collected using a well structured questionnaire and personal interviews. The socioeconomic characteristics of the respondents, causes of Rural and Urban migration and major rice agronomic practices on which children are used to perform. Probit model was used to determine the relationship between rural – urban migration and child labour use. The major causes of youth migration were persecutions (23.2%), boredom of farming (20.8%), social amenities (16.6%), economic reasons (16.6%) and peer pressure (12.5%). The determinant factors to child labour use in farming were age of the child, educational level, household head’s health and cost of hired labour. The results of production activities in which child labour were used included bird scaring (25%), fertilizer application (16.6%), clearing (12.5%), and planting (12.5%). The recommendations proffered were provision of essential social amenities, industries in the rural areas, the need for modernization of agriculture to reduce youth urban drift, compulsory free education for all children and as well as government enacting laws to prohibit child labour in the society.