Open Access Original Research Article

Comparison between Hegel’s Being-Nothing-Becoming and I-Ching’s Yin-Yang-I (Change)

John Z. G. Ma

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/29621

This article introduces a cross-cultural comparative study on Hegel’s Western triad of Being-Nothing-Becoming and I-Ching (including Tao-Teh-Ching, TTK)’s Eastern triad of Yin-Yang-I (Change). The study exposes the similarities and differences between the two triads in three aspects: concept, internal motivation, and external manifestation. Results include: (1) Hegel’s “Tao” is not identical to that of the Yin-Yang paradigm; (2) Hegel’s envision of Becoming is intrinsically far away from the essence of I-Ching’s I.


Open Access Original Research Article

China Special Theme Tourism Motivational Analysis

Zhuangyu Li, Abdur Rehman, Banghong Zhao, Jianqiang Peng

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/30058

This manuscript analyzed the motivational behavior of Red tourism in China, as a case study of Yan’an, using the factor analysis to identify the motivation factors. Red tourism involves organising the activities of tourists to include visits, to study the revolutionary spirit, to receive education on revolutionary traditions, to raise tourists spirits, relax and enhance their experience. According to the findings and the results of this empirical study, it is apparent that destination marketers should customize their marketing plans by using a different communication mix with a unique promotional tool through employing a local celebrity, thus giving them an inherent competitive advantage. Finally, the study discusses the contributions of the research and makes recommendations to the CSTT for further research.


Open Access Original Research Article

The Social Support of Street Children: The Experiences and Views of Female Head Porters in Kumasi, Ghana

Ebenezer Cudjoe, Abdullah Alhassan

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/30304

Female head porters, a category of street children in Kumasi, Ghana, face numerous challenges while working and living on the streets. Yet, very few research has been done to ensure that this section of the disadvantaged population have better lives on and beyond those of the streets. Most studies with this population have focused on their troubles, with little done on the ways to help them improve upon or change their conditions. Focusing on female head porters receiving services from a non-governmental organisation in Kumasi, this study aimed to explore the perceptions of the female head porters on their social support and how that helped them cope with life on and beyond the streets. Semi-structured in-depth interviews were conducted with 25 female head porters in Kumasi with the help of an interview guide, for a period of four weeks. Thematic analysis was used to analyse data gathered from the interviews. Institutional, financial, emotional and casual supports were commonly indicated as support received by participants. Participants believed that institutions were more capable than family and friends to provide sufficient support. Also, findings revealed that friends were more supportive to the street children than families. The study concluded by recommending to government to provide sufficient support to (or liaise with) organisations working with street children to ensure that the plights of the street child are heard.


Open Access Original Research Article

Professional Scaffolding of Student-teachers during Practicum in Tanzania: Roles, Skills, and Challenges

Yazidu Saidi Mbalamula

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/30269

This study investigated on student teachers’ professional experiences during teaching practicum in Tanzania. In precedence, three objectives were pursued to identify roles of school based teachers, the skills acquired by student teachers, and challenges encountered by student teachers during practicum. The study employed qualitative design integrating documentary review and interviews for data collection. The content analysis was used to analyze reflection reports and interviews from 35 student teachers and 12 school based teachers respectively. The study was conducted during teaching practice period session of the eight (8) weeks from July 13th to September 4th, 2015. The analysis showed that both school managers and mentor teachers played a critical role to engage student teachers in various essential roles that help them to acquire various skills that transform them into professional teachers including handling of learners’ behavior in schools; leadership and supervision process; school-community partnership, strategizing the teaching and learning process; and on other school contexts. In addition, the study has identified several challenges including, accommodation; time wastage, large class size; inadequate infrastructures; contextual conflicts; declining student teachers activities; inadequate and late financial remittance; and inadequate and late classroom assessments and feedback. Notwithstanding, student teachers had benefited from the teaching practice which supports and confirms the usefulness of practicum in the preparation process of teachers, however, the latter will only be realized if all conditional factors are available. Moreover, the study provides recommendations and established several areas of further investigations.


Open Access Review Article

Definition Purpose and Procedure of Developmental Research: An Analytical Review

Ahmad Abdullahi Ibrahim

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2016/30478

This paper aims to present and analyze the various definitions and domains of developmental research. Specifically, this paper reviewed analyzed the definitions of developmental research its purpose as well as the types of developmental research. Moreover, the paper analyzed the stages of conducting developmental research, the methodologies of data collection and the expected participants of each of the stage.