Open Access Short Research Article

The Attempt of the Official Ideology to Secularize Theatre in Turkey together with the Foundation of the Republic

Banu Ayten Akin

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30515

The Westernization programme was officially initiated and implemented in Turkey together with the foundation of the Turkish Republic. The first attempts to secularize performances had already started in the Tanzimat Reform Era (the political reforms made in the Ottoman State in 1839). In this period, our traditional plays Meddah (public storyteller), Karagoz (shadow play), Orta Oyunu (Theatre-in-the-round) were kept in the background. The adaptation of these exhibitive forms, which audience loved a lot during the Ottoman Empire, into Western Theatre that is based on illusion, created a serious problem. Karagoz shadow play characters, which were structured around Ottoman’s polyphonic structure, could not survive changes made in their composition. The characters of Orta Oyunu, who were in connection with audience having no offer from them, were defeated in frame stage. This deconstruction in traditional forms will cause our theatre, which turned its face to Western theatre, to be unable to use its own resources. Although secularization of performances is a true effort that walks with the effort to secularize society, it brought the problem of saving the traditional forms together with it. This study, periodically traces this in Turkish theater.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Geo-Information and Distribution Pattern of Petrol Service Station in Sango – Ota Metropolis in Ado – Odo Ota Local Government Area, Ogun State, Nigeria

S. A. Ogunyemi, O. O. Ajileye, K. H. Muibi, A. T. Alaga, O. E. Eguaroje, S. A. Samson, G. A. Ogunjobi, J. E. Adewoyin, O. S. Popoola, M. O. Oloko-Oba, O. O. Omisore

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30048

This study examined spatial pattern of petrol service station using nearest neighbor analysis, the inventory of service stations in terms of marketing official rank and mapping of petrol service stations with a view to providing a framework for the safety of citizen from fire hazards and to protect the immediate environment from fire menace. The data used for this research work was obtained from both primary and secondary data. Primary data included the coordinate point of both the petrol service stations and fire service stations using Global Positioning System (GPS) receiver. Secondary data included land use map of the study area, Administrative Map of Ado–Odo Ota and the list of petrol service station. The data were analyzed using geographic information techniques. From the data survey carried out, the result of the analysis showed that Ado- Odo Ota has one hundred and thirty-four (134) petrol service stations and one fire service station and most of these petrol service stations were located along the major road that passes through the centre of Atan Ota, Iyana Ota, Onipanu Ota, Ojuore Junction, Lagos - Abeokuta highway. The nearest neighbor analysis (NNA) for the spatial pattern of petrol service stations in each region revealed three major spatial distributions. The spatial pattern in Iju to Iyana and Iyana to Ojuore showed dispersed pattern, Abeokuta highway showed random pattern, while Sango Ota showed clustered pattern.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Re-examining the Inflation and Output Relation in Nigeria: A Multivariate Analytical Evaluation, 1960-2014

I. G. Okafor, J. U. J. Onwumere, Ezeaku Hillary Chijindu

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30810

The link between inflation and total production has been widely reviewed with mixed results and differing opinions. In the case of Nigeria, we have strengthened on the coverage period and the quantitative techniques of analysis in other to overcome some limitations in previous studies. This study therefore re-examined the relationship between inflation and output level in Nigeria using annualized time series from 1960 to 2014. The Autoregressive distributed lagged (ARDL) model was used to estimate the growth regression model while the Bound test was used to test for long-run relationship. Vector Autoregressive causality test was utilized to determine the directional of causality between our series of interest. The findings showed that inflation and official exchange rate have non-significant positive impact on Nigeria’s output level between 1960 and 2014. Real interest rate had significant negative impact on output. The result of the Bound test revealed that there is a long-run relationship between output and inflation. Moreover, the findings further indicated that there is a bi-directional causality running from inflation to output, and from output to inflation. This means that past values of inflation can help to predict output level and vice-versa. We, therefore, concluded that inflation level within a modest threshold has the potential of influencing level of production in the economy. It is noteworthy that past values of output is critical in forecasting inflation. Likewise, for output to be predicted, past values of inflation is vital. Hence, this study has policy implications, and will aid policymakers in establishing effective forecast framework which is necessary for effective maintenance of price stability while ensuring sustained output growth.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Causes and Effects of Graduate Unemployment on the Nigerian Economy (The Case Study of Lagos State)

Ogunbanjo Olufunmilola Adesola, Afolabi Michael Oluseye, Aninkan Olubukola Omonike, Ogunsola Modupe Omowunmi, Orobiyi Joshua Oluwaseunfunmi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30722

Nigerian youths from all corners of the country most especially graduates are in search of white-collar jobs. This is because the educational system of Nigeria is structured on certificate and what they can offer the society. Thus, lead to rural-urban migration where graduates look for greener pasture most especially to cities like Lagos, Abuja and Port-Harcourt. This research study investigates the causes and effects of graduate unemployment on the Nigerian economy in Nigeria. The study employed a simple percentage ranking for analysing the questionnaires administered to respondents residing in Lagos state. In addition, descriptive statistics, correlation and analysis of variance (ANOVA) were used to test the statistical significance of the respondents that incorporated graduate unemployment as explanatory variable while economic recession, rural-urban migration, minimum wage rate and government policy were used as regressands. The findings revealed that graduate unemployment rate has risen due to economic recession, rural-urban migration, minimum wage rate and government policy, which has greatly affected the Nigerian economy adversely. This implies that graduates and youths who are qualified, willing and able to work cannot find a job and as such earn nothing. Still, they cannot handle any family or societal responsibility which broods at them every second which makes them to be vulnerable to any scrupulous elements in the society of all sorts of crime and mayhem. Government may not be able to create job enough for the teaming millions of Nigerian unemployed youths but should embark upon massive youth development programmes in all the states of the federation with entrepreneurial skills acquisition and entrepreneurship development.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Land Accessibility Characteristics among Migrants in Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria

Gbenga John Oladehinde, Kehinde Popoola, Afolabi Fatusin, Gideon Adeyeni

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/30086

Aim: The study investigated challenges of land accessibility among migrants in Yewa North Local Government Area of Ogun State, Nigeria.

Methodology: Data were obtained through questionnaire administration on a Migrant household head. Multistage sampling technique was used for selection of 161 respondents for the study. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics while stepwise regression analysis was used to investigate the research hypothesis. The study established that the most important challenges of land accessibility among migrants in Yewa North Local Government Area were in the following descending order: High cost of land (15.5%), insecure tenure (11.9%), difficulty in land transaction (3.2%) and inability to transfer land among migrants (2.8%). Thus, non-availability of land and inability to use land was not a challenge for migrants. The study therefore recommended that sensitization programme should be conducted on land distribution and land management in the study area. Also Government should revisit the Land Use Act 1978 by putting migrants into consideration. This will facilitate land accessibility among migrants.