Open Access Original Research Article

Students Perception of Campus Safety: A Case of Kumasi Campus of University of Education, Winneba, Ghana

Abena Serwaa Amoatemaa, Dorcas Darkoah Kyeremeh, Yarhands Dissou Arthur

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/32265

Higher educational institutions are working assiduously towards achieving high security environment to promote teaching and learning. This is undoubtedly changing the learning environment but very little is known about how students experience and perceive safety on campus. This study examined students perception of campus safety specifically the College of Technology Education of University of Education, Winneba, Ghana. The study used convenience sampling techniques to select two hundred and fifty (250) students from distance, sandwich and regular session out of which two hundred and twenty-four (224) responded to the responded to the questionnaires. Questionnaires were used to collect data from students to find answers to four research questions which guided this study: (i) to what extent are students concerned about safety on campus (ii) which areas and routes on campus are considered safe/unsafe (iii) which periods within a day are considered safe/unsafe (iv) what factors contribute to students safety/unsafe on campus?. The study used descriptive statistical techniques for the analysis of the data. SPSS was used to generate the statistics needed for realisation of the objectives. The findings revealed that 87.5% of the respondents were most concerned about safety on campus. It became evident that, places or routes which were relatively poorly lit, isolated and not well travelled, especially after dark were found to be unsafe on campus. Also students felt safer on campus during the day as compared to after dark, especially for females. Last, bushy areas, lack of close circuit television (CCTV), absence of police patrols and emergency phones to call the security were the major factors contributing to students feeling of insecurity on campus.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceptions about Disability among Persons with and without Disabilities in Sekondi, Ghana: A Qualitative Study

Ebenezer Cudjoe, Abdullah Alhassan

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/33024

Persons with disabilities constitute a significant proportion of the minority population in Sekondi, Ghana. Yet, they are the most neglected and existing programs do not meet their needs. Consequently, this study aimed to understand the perception of persons without disabilities towards individuals with disabilities in Sekondi and to explore the attitudes of the general public towards disability. Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 persons with disabilities and 25 persons without disabilities over an eight-week period. Persons with disabilities were individuals receiving services from the Department of Social Welfare in Sekondi. Thematic analysis was used to analysed data from the interviews. The study revealed that the participants without disabilities viewed disability as a disease and a punishment from God or the gods. Yet, they indicated that they showed compassion and love towards persons with disabilities. However, most persons with disabilities disagreed to this while a few argued that they were shown love by their typical peers. Also, both persons with and without disabilities stated that having the experience with care for persons with disabilities and being a female are features which meant the individual is likely to develop positive attitude towards persons with disabilities. It has been suggested that training should be given to people with the experience and more women caring for persons with disabilities in Ghana as these women are more likely to provide adequate care and protection for individuals with disabilities. Finally, policies and programs for persons with disabilities in Sekondi should consider recommendations to promote the wellbeing of persons with disabilities.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Influence of Demographic Factors and Pay Satisfaction on Career Satisfaction among Selected Employees in Redeemer’s University

O. T. Arogundade, O. Aremu

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-6
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/33064

This study explores the influence of demographic factors and pay satisfaction and on career satisfaction among selected employees of Redeemer’s University, Osun State, Nigeria. The study adopted a cross sectional survey research design and simple random sampling technique were used to select two hundred and twelve (212) participants (M=97 males; F= 115 females) among both academic and non-academic staffs. The Biodata form, Pay Satisfaction Scale (PSS) and Career Satisfaction Scale (CSS) were used to collect data which were further analyzed through independent t-test. The results hence revealed that there were significant differences in career satisfaction of participants among the variables of marital status (t = 1.96 p<0.05), designation (t = 2.64 p<0.05) and pay satisfaction (t = 6.41 p<0.05).  While there were no significant differences in the variables of gender (t = 0.78 p>0.05) and age (t = 1.74 p>0.05). The implication of these findings substantiates the importance of creating a conducive working environment and an equity reward system in order to improve employees' career satisfaction. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Virtual Museums in Arts Education. Results of a Pilot Project in Primary School Settings

Emmanuel Fokides, Maria Sfakianou

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/33601

Aims: The study presents the results of a pilot project in which virtual museums were used for teaching modern painters to sixth-grade primary school students.

Study Design: Experimental study with one experimental and two control groups.

Place and Duration of Study: A total of 132 students participated in the study coming from 6 primary schools located in Athens, Greece. The duration of the projects was between January to February 2017.

Methodology: The virtual museums were developed by the students using the program Artsteps. For comparing the learning outcomes, two additional groups of students were formed. To the first, the teaching was conventional, while in the second the teaching was supported by multimedia presentations. Research data was collected using questionnaires and evaluation sheets.

Results: From the analysis of the results it became evident that students that developed the virtual museums surpassed, in most cases, the other groups of students. The views of students for their work with virtual museums were highly positive.

Conclusion: The results lead to the need for further investigation of the matter.

 

Open Access Review Article

The Relationship between Inflation and Economic Growth in Nigeria: A Conceptual Approach

Miftahu Idris, Rosni Bakar

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-15
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/33365

The rate of inflation over the last three decades in Nigeria has significantly increased thereby affecting the macroeconomic growth and international competitive drive of the growing economy. The magnitude of this inflationary trends may be largely explained by the rapid growth of money supply motivated by the expansionary fiscal policies of the public sector, in addition to exchange rate fluctuation and poor diversification of the economy. After numerous attempt by successive administrations to regulate this economic problem using both monetary and fiscal policies, efforts seems to be abysmal. As a result, this paper is designed to explore the inflationary trend in Nigeria with the view to determining it impact on economic growth. The study adopted a descriptive method and further utilised charts to show the inflationary trend and GDP growth in order to provide better understanding on how inflation rates in Nigeria affects the desired level of economic growth. This is necessary because identifying the possible relationship between inflation and economic growth may expedite the process of realising the feasible policy options to be adopted towards achieving sound macroeconomic growth in Nigeria. This study therefore concludes that the current inflationary trend in Nigeria is negatively affecting the realisation of sustainable growth and development. This implies that one of the necessary requirement for attaining the desired growth level in Nigeria is to control the excessive increase in inflation rate. As a recommendation, there is need for the public sector to design a suitable framework that will encourage local producers to engage in innovative economic activities. This will creates a platform for creativity and manufacturing of commodities with international competitive advantage. The multiplier effects of this approach will undoubtedly increase the export volume of the growing economy, raise productivity level and competitive drives, reduce the exchange rate fluctuation, increase employment creations, raise income growth and economic welfare, and largely the fiscal prudence and macroeconomic growth.