Open Access Short Research Article

Political Economy of the Amnesty Programme for Sustainable Peace and Development of the Niger Delta

Udoh, Ogbonnaya Nwafor, Chijioke, Ndidiamaka Joy

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/35893

This study adopted a two-level political psychological analytic approach towards understanding the amnesty programme and the sustainable peace and development of the Niger Delta. The objective of this paper is to bring to lime light the critical debates underlying militancy and the strategic interventions achieved by the Amnesty Programme. A combination of theoretical framework of political economy paradigm and frustration-aggression theory of conflict is explored. While the political economy paradigm captures discrepancy of good governance in Nigerian, it awakens the subtlety of armed confrontation by the restive youths of the Niger Delta. The frustration-aggression theory of conflict reverberate the socio-environmental frustration and challenges faced by the people of Niger Delta, expressed in militancy. The Peace Ideology underlying Amnesty Programme in the Niger Delta is positioned to harness the talents of the people and make entrepreneurs of them. The study evaluated the policy drive of the Amnesty programme, its potency as a build bridge of support, strategic leadership and a tool for sustainable peace and development. It concluded by observing that the proramme could not offer women and children psychological succor as victims, and insensitivity of the programme in not paying specific attention to training them on indigenous occupation as fishing and agriculture to bring about endogenous and sustainable development to drive the desired peace in these areas.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Teaching of Essays, Articles and Letter Writing: Cooperative Teaching Approach

Victoria Ayodele, Susan Akinkurolere, Kayode Ariyo, Olayemi Mahmud, Eromosele Abuya

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/35161

English Language occupies a central place in Nigeria as the official language. Today, teachers are calling for more effective methods of communicating information and assisting the students in the learning process because the issue of poor performances in English Language examinations is alarming and cannot be glossed over. It is noted that new pedagogies are being introduced to the curriculum from time to time; and approaches from other fields such as anthropology, psychology, sociology are encouraged. This indicates that innovations and constant improvements are needed in the teaching process. One of the innovative ways of improving students’ learning and performance is by encouraging cooperative approach. The ‘cooperative writing approach’ to teaching of English Language involves role-playing and role-shifting. The best bet in teaching is the creative and practical component. Thus, cooperative model is a recently developed socio-cultural method of the teaching aspects of a topic in any subject or course in a participatory and role-shifting manner. This approach is sociological and anthropological in orientation because it allows students to relate well in learning process. Hence, the paper identifies ways by which select topics could be taught in schools by giving practical examples. The discoveries in the teaching of students through the cooperative model will significantly improve teaching and learning of English as a Second Language in Nigeria.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Analysis of the Arguments Presented in Response to the Allegations against an Online Education Website

Rabiah Rustam

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/34974

This paper aims to analyze the arguments in an article written by an online education website in response to accusations of fraud and misconduct levelled in another article published by a popular news magazine. This paper aims to analyze the arguments by applying Damer’s model of argument analysis. The analysis follows the arguments criteria of structure, relevance, acceptability, sufficiency and effectiveness of rebuttal. The paper also aims to unravel the fallacies used in the arguments that violate the criteria of construction of good arguments. The analysis may help to find out whether the arguments presented by that website were strong enough or simply deceptive in trying to prove the accusations as false.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Corruption and the Challenge of Boko Haram Terrorism in Nigeria: A Case of the Nigerian Armed Forces

Otu Offiong Duke, Dickson David Agbaji, Okon Bassey

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-20
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/34025

The study examines the extent to which corruption in the Nigerian armed forces has been able to undermine the fight against Boko Haram terrorism in Nigeria. The study relied on the qualitative content analysis of secondary sources of data, and the theory of structural functionalism was adopted as the tool of analysis for the study. A thrust through the evolution and acts of terror of Boko Haram in Nigeria revealed that poverty, inequality, and corruption precipitated the rise of the sect and that Abubakar Shekau adopted a more extremist doctrine and approach for the sect after the death of Mohammed Yusuf in 2009. Since then it has been mayhem for Nigeria; the sect accounting for over 20,000 deaths and the displacement of over 1.3 million people. The paper argued that corruption has eaten deep into the Nigerian armed forces and has undermined the fight against Boko Haram through the theft of defence appropriations, the purchase of substandard weaponry, the creation of fake defence contracts, and the unavailability of logistical supports for and desertion of soldiers on the frontline. The paper, therefore, recommends the adoption of genuine political will in the anti-graft war and the strengthening of existing anti-graft agencies, the diligent monitoring of defence contracts and the performance of offsets arrangements in defence contracts, the introduction of socio-economic empowerment programs to create employment for unemployed youths particularly in the Northeast, and the prompt provision of adequate military logistics and sophisticated arms and ammunition for the soldiers on the frontline.

 

Open Access Review Article

The Implications of Food Insecurity, Poverty and Hunger on Nigeria’s National Security

Emmanuel E. Etim, Otu O. Duke, Odey Joseph Ogbinyi Jr

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/31632

Globally, food and nutrition adequacy are facing critical challenges occasioned by climate change scenarios, sharply rising food demand to falling supply, neglect of investment in agriculture, and high cost of production. All these have serious implications on rising insecurity and conflict-induced instability in many countries. Further, an increasing poverty level among the people is a stress-factor as well as a precursor of violence. The thrust of this study is to examine the implications of food insecurity, poverty and hunger on Nigeria’s national security. The relative deprivation theory was adopted to explain the reactions of people when they feel that there is a discrepancy between the ‘ought’ and the ‘is’ of collective value satisfaction. Data were generated using secondary sources. The paper argues that reinstalling peace and security in Nigeria can only be achieved through careful identification and proper address of causal factors. The paper recommends, among others; that there should be improved agricultural productivity through the encouragement of research and application of modern technologies.