Open Access Original Research Article

A Decipherment of the Eteocretan Inscription from Psychro (Crete)

Ioannis K. Kenanidis, Evangelos C. Papakitsos

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/36988

This study presents a decipherment of the Eteocretan inscription from Psychro (Crete), which was discovered in 1958 and dated to about 300 BC. The inscription was attributed to an unknown Eteocretan language, while the attempts to read the text so far included languages like Hittite, Semitic, even Slavic, without remarkable results. The attempt of the herein decipherment is based on the following concepts evidenced in earlier publications: The inscriptions that are conventionally called Eteocretan convey more than one language. These languages could not have remained totally unaltered through the centuries. Eventually, they had to be written in the Greek alphabet, because of the predominant cultural context. Of course, the Greek alphabet could not precisely render the non-Greek Eteocretan languages, so the scribes improvised their own ways to approximate the sounds of their native language, and this is one more factor that makes it harder for modern researchers to determine the language of the Eteocretan inscriptions. This is the only Eteocretan inscription that was preserved practically intact, but as all attempts of interpreting were fruitless, some researchers have declared it a fake. It would be pointless to return to interpretations of the inscription as conveying languages stated in previous attempts, and since it has been shown in a previous publication that the inscription cannot be fake, the present interpretation follows the latest linguistic evidence about the Sumerian origins of the Aegean scripts and, especially, the confirmation of a Cretan Protolinear script’s existence.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Public Debt and Economic Growth in Nigeria

Elom- Obed Ozioma Favour, Odo Stephen Idenyi, Elom Obed Oge, I. Anoke Charity

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/36095

This study empirically analyzed the relationship between public debt and economic growth in Nigeria from 1980-2015. The study adopted Vector Error Correction Model (VECM) approach of econometric data analysis. The variables used in the study include real gross domestic product (RGDP), foreign debt, domestic debt and domestic private savings. The results of the study indicated that: (i) External debt have significant negative impact on economic growth within the period under study. (ii) Domestic debt (DMD) has significant negative relationship with economic growth within the period under consideration. (iii) External debt and domestic debt granger cause RGDP in Nigeria with causality running from external debt and domestic debt to RGDP. The implication of this result is that the negative correlation between debt stocks (external debt and domestic debt) and economic growth which is contrary to apprior expectation may be highlighting the misappropriation and wrong application (corrupt practices) of the borrowed funds. Based on findings, the study recommends therefore that (i) Government should reduce external debt and the ones obtained should be strictly used for purposes intended to ensure positive effect. (ii) Government should cut down on domestic borrowing and ensure that the already borrowed funds are applied for purposes intended to ensure positive effect and through growth.  (iii) With the evidence of negative causality running from both external and domestic debt stock to economic growth (RGDP) suggests that government should cut down in both borrowings to ensure economic stability and sustainable growth.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

An Assessment of the Sustainability of Resettlers Livelihood Assets in the Apo Resettlement Scheme of Abuja, Nigeria

S. D. Musa, N. A. Ismail, P. U. Akoji

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/35162

The Apo resettlement scheme was meant to resettle 874 households away from Apo, Garki and Akpanjanya villages to Apo resettlement town with a view that no resettler should emerge worse off than he was before resettlement. This study assesses the sustainability of resettlers’ livelihood assets in the scheme by assessing resettlers’ lost and compensated livelihood assets as well as their adaptation strategies for a sustainable livelihood. Intensive literature review helped in the selection of five livelihood capitals which include Human, Natural, Financial, Physical and Social for the sustainability assessment. About 25% of the household heads were interviewed through questionnaires that were adequately supplemented by direct field assessments of the living conditions of the resettlers. Descriptive and inferential statistics were employed in analyzing the data which revealed that there is a significant difference between the lost and compensated livelihood assets of resettlers. The resettlers lost assets across the human, natural, financial, physical and social capitals: only two physical assets (i.e. plots and buildings) and a few social assets were restored to resettlers in the compensation scheme without any livelihood enhancement programme for resettlers. Lack of livelihood enhancement resulted in resettlers restructuring their buildings to hire tenants or selling off their buildings, petty trading and menial jobs among others as adaptation strategies. The study recommends a corrective measure for the Apo Resettlement scheme through immediate restoration of livelihoods and empowerment programs.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Are New Generation of Students of Healthcare Management Focused on Social Entrepreneurship? A Field Study

Aykut Ekiyor, Yasemin Bolat

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/36301

This study aims to analyse students’ social entrepreneurship profiles and to compare them in their levels of social entrepreneurship with students having no bias towards social entrepreneurship. Social Entrepreneurship Level Scale” was employed to attain the purpose. The scale, which is used to describe students’ social entrepreneurship profiles, is composed of such dimensions as personal and social properties, innovativeness, and managerial qualities. A questionnaire was administered to the undergraduate students of healthcare management department of a state university in Turkey within the scope of the study. Independent samples t-test enabling researchers to make inter-group comparisons in the analysis of the data obtained and one-way variance analysis (ANOVA) were used in the analysis of the data. It was found in consequence that the participants’ level of social entrepreneurship was 3.91 on average. Following the hypotheses made, it was found that there were no significant differences between students’ perceptions of social entrepreneurship according to age, gender, grade levels, number of brothers and sisters, mother’s occupation and father’s occupation.

 

Open Access Original Research Article

Reproductive Dimensions of Ethnicity: The Present Situation of Prominent Ethnic Communities of Sylhet District, Bangladesh

S. Akter, M. S. Mazumder, M. Alam, N. Pal, M. N. Mozahid

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2017/37142

This article evaluates the contraceptive seeking norms of two well-known ethnic communities of Sylhet district, Bangladesh. A total of 113 (82 Manipuri and 31 Khasia) ever-married ethnic females (15-49 aged) were randomly selected from the respective study area. The information was recorded in a pre-structured questionnaire. Cross tabulation, Chi-square test and Binary logistic regression analysis were performed for analyzing data. In Bi-variate analysis the Chi-square test revealed five factors i.e., having children or not, number of children, electronic devices, each outcome pregnancies from the very first and age at first marriage; were significantly associated with the dependent variable contraceptive use. Binary logistic regression model was employed to identify the consequence of divers’ socio-demographic components on contraceptive use. Among all the important independent variables, "Number of Children" and “Age at first marriage” had significant effect on contraceptive use. One of the most distinguishing traits; from generation to generation ethnic groups specially the Manipuri community is highly motivated to keep their family size small whether a respondent is literate or illiterate, rich or poor or in any other aspects. Finally, this study suggested some policy recommendations but among them specifically emphasized the active roles of their representative leaders for the development of their reproductive norms along with their socio-economic conditions.