Open Access Original Research Article

Socio-economic Condition of Fisherman of ShanirHaor: A Case Study on TahirpurUpazila, Sylhet

Mizanur Rahman, Syeda Ayshia Akter, Marriaya Sultana, Md. Shahidul Islam

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-16
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/42982

Aims: This study tries to know the socio-economic condition of the fisherman of the Hoar area of Bangladesh.

Study Design:  This is a cross-sectional study and both descriptive and analytical in nature.

Methodology: To conduct this study 236 sample were selected from three villages adjacent to ShanirHaor and collect primary data through a constructed questionnaire survey. The socio-economic condition of the fisherman is very poor compared to the other professionals.

Results: This study reveals that joint family is much more (93%) than single family and most of the people lives in kacha house. There is a severe problem for pure drinking water, educational facilities, lack of loan facilities, and lack of essential instruments for fishing. Most of the fishermen are illiterate (49%) and the rate of dropout children from school is high. Most of them are unaffordable in having personal net and boat which is an essential instrument for fishing because of poverty. About 69% of the respondents have to borrow money from local money lenders with high interest when they are in crisis.

Conclusion: This study also reveals that there is a significant relationship between income and education, use of net, ownership of boat, sanitation system, housing type etc. The high income of the respondent the standard of livelihood pattern is high. The fishermen expect from the Government to arrange certain facilities like short period loans, transportation, set up of more fish markets and processing units open for marketing of fish.

Open Access Original Research Article

Communication in Virtual Community at TripAdvisor: A Case on Heritage Destination of Palembang-Indonesia

Lidya Wati Evelina, Ahmad Sihabudin, Asrul Mustaqim

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/43038

The aim of this Research is to construct the communication behaviour of virtual travelers on TripAdvisor. TripAdvisor is a tourist advisor site, that operates in 48 countries around the world and also the largest tourism community in the world. Theory used in this study is social interaction theory that consist of three things: (1) the existence of morality. It is a kind of a dealing with the mutual agreement; (2) the orientation of specified feelings and emotions and (3) orientation that regulated the culture. The social interaction theory combined by the theory of Computer-Mediated Communication (CMC) which study about how human behaviour is shaped and modified through the exchange of information with the use of computer. The Paradigm for this research is interpretive. The Research methods are with participatory approach and Netnography method which analyse text on TripAdvisor site. This method use to inform the patterns of communication, used by traveller communities. Source of Data obtained from online observation.

The result shows that these studies reveal the differences between communication patterns in the real world and the virtual world. In This research, the findings of this study reveal that Palembang as the oldest city in Indonesia having so many historical destinations which are interesting to visit. The change of communications Behaviour in the community in the real world and the virtual community are using a low context. It means, that information is transparent, opened and honest. Communication pattern of member communities should follow the rules and to use language understood in global technology internet users. The result of this research could be a contribution for Government tourism of Palembang City to help updating their website.

Open Access Original Research Article

Resource Use Efficiency of Upland Rice Farmers in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State

Ume Smiles Ifeanyichukwu, Ezeano Caleb Ike, Edeh Ogochukwu Nnenna, Udefi Ifeanyi Onochie

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/27426

A stochastic frontier production function which incorporated a model for the technical inefficiency effects was used to investigate the technical efficiency of upland farms in Ivo Local Government Area of Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Farm level and farmers’ socio economic characteristics data were obtained using structured questionnaire from 120 farmers that were selected using multi stage random sampling technique. The parameters of the stochastic frontier production function were estimated simultaneously with those of the model of inefficiency effects. Results indicated, except for capital, all other factors were significant (P<0.10). Findings further revealed that none of the sampled cocoyam farms reached the frontier threshold.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Impact of Corporate Social Responsibility and Food Health and Safety, on the Corporate Image of Hong Kong's Fast-Food Restaurants

Tim Cheng, Canon Tong, Anthony Tik-tsuen Wong

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/44116

Recent years have witnessed various changes in the business world regarding technology and ecological degradation, which has seen corporate social responsibility increasingly used as a competitive tool in all industries. This research examined the perception of customers of fast-food restaurants in Hong Kong in order to assess the impact of corporate social responsibility and food health and safety implementation on corporate image. A quantitative survey was used for the study. The study population and unit of analysis were individual customers of fast-food restaurants and the sample size was set at 350 as recommended by previous studies. Multiple linear regression was used to analyse the collected. The findings reveal that corporate social responsibility has a positive correlation with food health and safety and corporate image. This study theoretically contributes to the existing body of knowledge on corporate social responsibility and corporate image. In addition, this study contributes in a practical sense by encouraging fast-food restaurants and other food related businesses to value food health and safety and make a voluntary move to fully comply with regulations. Managers can also take the initiative to show customers that their food is healthy and safe by displaying ingredients and by informing customers that the restaurant only sources from safe and reliable suppliers. Such actions will be more beneficial to a restaurant in terms of corporate image than merely complying with food health and safety regulations.

Open Access Original Research Article

Performance Appraisal and Staff Commitment in Higher Education

Dorcas Darkoah Kyeremeh, Millicent Pimpong

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-14
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2018/44426

The study sought to examine the impact of performance appraisal system (PAS) on staff commitment in tertiary institutions. The study adopted the exploratory research design, using a sample of 138 administrative staff working with tertiary institutions. The study found that management of the institutions does not involve the staff in the design of the appraisal. More so, it was observed that the current performance appraisal practices implemented in the tertiary institutions do not motivate the staff to give off their best towards the achievement of the goals and objectives of the institution because there are no implications on the outcome. In relation to improving PAS in tertiary institutions, it was thus recommended that management should provide feedback to staff on the outcome of the appraisal and also introduce reward system.