Open Access Original Research Article

Government Intervention Programs Linking with Poverty Alleviation: An Empirical Investigation, the Case of Nigeria

Waziri Musa, Ahmed Zubir Bin Ibrahim, Zainal Bin Md. Zan

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2019/46604

This study assessed the significant relationship between government anti-poverty intervention programs (Youth empowerment scheme and conditional cash transfer) and poverty alleviation in Niger state-Nigeria, in order to evaluate their impact on the target beneficiaries in the nine local government areas within the three senatorial districts selected for the study. The paper adopts a quantitative method using PLS path modeling to establish the statistical relationship between the two anti-poverty government intervention programs and poverty alleviation in Niger state-Nigeria. The findings revealed that both youth empowerment scheme and conditional cash transfer programs are significant to poverty alleviation and made a beneficial impact to the target beneficiaries. The socio-economic assessment of the respondents further justified the above assumption. It was also observed that government intervention programs on poverty alleviation have made a successive effect on poverty reduction in Nigeria. The study recommends for concerted efforts of all stakeholders on a strategic framework capable of enhancing transparency and accountability in order to enhance effective policy implementations and appropriate execution of a well-planned policy framework of those programs. In addition, adequate provision of budgetary allocation is necessary for the fight against poverty alleviation in Nigeria.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Symbolic Attributes of Shemagh and Its Intangible Cultural Aspects in Muslim Society: A Painting Illustration

Iffat Tehseen Amjad, Muhammad Azam Sameer

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2019/46762

The Shemagh is the Scarf which is worn by Arabic as well as other Muslim people who belong to other countries in terms of identity. It has multiple symbolic features which denote the religious as well as socio-political representation. In broader spectrum, it illustrates the attributes of Intangible Cultural Heritage of the Muslim world. To highlight the Intangible Cultural Heritage, we represent the Shemagh in our painting with its applications and usages in the Muslim society to explore differences in symbolic language between the Eastern and Western cultures. Representation of Shemagh in the paintings juxtaposes the different features of the Muslim society acquaints with Intangible Cultural Heritage. The imprecise way of symbolic language has been chosen in the form of the Shemagh patterns, creating a new artistic perspective based on the generation of work in a different geographic locations and imaginative thoughts as well. The Subjugation of different mediums and techniques of paintings are used to portray the subject matter, color palette, and symbolism of the painting. Through paintings, this paper examines the hidden meanings of transformation in our lives and modern blend by evaluating Muslim society with the amalgamation of Intangible culture aspects by exaggerating the print and colors of scarf or Shemagh or Keffiyeh. In concluding statement, we analyze the attributes of Shemagh from past to present for emphasizing the Intangible Cultural aspects.

Open Access Original Research Article

Institutional Values Management and Organisational Success of the Manufacturing Sector in Rivers State, Nigeria

Patrick N. Nwinyokpugi, Ordu, Ogbuma Lucky

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/ARJASS/2019/46833

This research study investigated Institutional Values Management and its implication on productivity in the manufacturing sector in Rivers State, Nigeria. To achieve this, thirty-two (32) registered manufacturing companies in Rivers State made published by the Manufacturing Association of Nigeria were covered by the study. The study adopted institutional unit of analysis, thus, a census of all principal officers especially managers and supervisors of departments and units. Therefore, six principal officers representing the six departments relevant to the studied population were sampled given 192 respondents. However, only 174 responses were returned and analysed. Data gathered through structured close-ended questionnaire were analysed using the Pearson’s product moment correlation co-efficient statistic and results presented using tables, mean and standard deviation. The findings of the study revealed that there is a strong significant positive relationship between institutional values management and organizational success of manufacturing companies in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, with the dimensions and measures also showing positive correlation. Leadership and organizational culture were found to have moderating effect on institutional values management and organizational success of the manufacturing sector in Rivers State. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Domestic Investment and Economic Growth Nexus in Nigeria: A Post Recession View

Onochie, Stanley Nwabuisi, Ozegbe, Azuka Elvis, Nwani, Stanley Emife

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v8i230096

This study investigates the impact of domestic investment on economic growth in Nigeria, using annual secondary time series data spanning 37 years from 1981 to 2017 extracted from the CBN statistical bulletin. Real GDP was used to proxy economic growth, while the key explanatory variable is domestic investment with other control variables as capital expenditure, oil export earnings, exchange rate and inflation rate. The study embarked on pre-estimation test such as unit root test and the bounds co-integration test which informed our methodological choice of Autoregressive Distributed Lag (ARDL). The short run and long run estimates show that domestic investment has positive but insignificant impact on economic growth in Nigeria. This finding departs from those of previous writers due to the improved analytical framework employed in this study. On the basis of our findings, the study recommends a compulsory individual and national savings to boost the level of domestic investment in the country so as to achieve the much desired economic growth and development.

Open Access Original Research Article

Impact of Institutional Rules on Policy Performance

Do Phu Hai

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v8i230098

The objective of this research is to evaluate the impact of institutional rules on policy performance based on the background of public policy science. The policy performance is possibly affected by the institutional rules of the political system in certain policy fields. The focus of this article is to analyse the interaction of institutional rules which was observed in EU and OECD states with specific elements of the political system. The research was done by the minimum configuration analysis of these restraint impact of institutional rules on policy performance to toward sustainable development which is interpreted by studying 16 policy fields grouping regarding economic, social and environmental sustainability.