Open Access Original Research Article

Environmental Movement and the Conservation of Forest: A Case Study on Ratargul Swamp Forest of Sylhet, Bangladesh

Kazi Moriom Jahan, Afm Zakaria

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330124

Aims: The aim of this paper is to explore and analyze the scope and nature of the environmental movement that may shape the existing management.

Study Design: This paper is a qualitative study and based on empirical research. It focuses on the impact of environmental movements around Ratargul Swamp Forest

Place and Duration of Study: This research was done around the Ratargul Swamp Forest located in on Sylhet district of Bangladesh. The study period was from January 2016 to November 2017.

Methodology: For the primary data collection, 47 respondents were selected by using purposive sampling on the basis of their level of involvement. Data was collected from local people, environmental groups and the forest department. Data collection methods were key informant interview, in-depth interview, case study, focus group discussion and archival research.

Results: People of Ratargul village are now more aware of the harmful activities of uncontrolled tourism while the Forest Department brings new management policies and practices in response to the local and civil pressure. It is also found that the Climate Resilient Ecosystem Livelihoods (CREL) project in Bangladesh actually works to negate the strength of the environmental movement rather than as a conservation proponent. The Forest Department is successful to implement their projects due to a lack of coordination between local activists. According to the respondents, 31.1% mark this movement as successful, 23.4% opine as completely failure and while remaining 44.4% thinks that it is partially successful.

Conclusion: A strong, integrated, coordinated and organized form of resistance or movement is needed to break up the hegemony of Forest Department that may save the Ratargul Swamp Forest from ongoing damage.

Open Access Original Research Article

Vulnerability of Local Communities to Oil Installation in Isoko Local Government Area of Delta State, Nigeria

Cookey A. Tammy, Tombari Bodo, M. M. P. Ukusowa, Jude Igbogho

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-9
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330125

Background of Study: Petroleum exploration has generated over 90 percent revenues to the Nigerian government, and as such the nation pays all her liabilities from the sales of petroleum products. Nigerian’s mono economy mostly based petroleum exploration, has brought a lot of sufferings to the people in the region where the oils are being drilled from. The people of Isoko Local Government Area (LGA) has suffered from the environmental pollution and devastation of their lands as a result of oil exploration activities for many years now, especially from numerous oil installations of the operating oil companies. This study examines the vulnerability of the local communities to these oil installations.

Materials and Methods: The study employed the use of questionnaire to acquire data relating to the vulnerability of communities to oil installation in Isoko LGA in Delta State. 600 copies of questionnaires were administered to the residents of the chosen communities using a simple random sampling technique which gives room for equal chance of any of the resident to be chosen in the study area. Descriptive statistics was used to explain the frequencies of the variables in terms of their percentage. Results of the analysis were presented using tables, bar charts, hazard maps, among others.

Results: it was revealed that the vulnerability to oil installation is high in the Isoko LGA, thereby leading to a high rate of environmental degradation in these communities.

Conclusion: it is concluded that end the suffering of the people to oil installations, the operating oil companies should pay special attention to needs of their host communities and proactive to any possible hazard that might have results from oil installation. The government should enforce the environmental laws that protect the environment and ensure that the multinational oil companies adhere strictly to them.

Open Access Original Research Article

Tenement Housing and Domestic Conflict in Diobu Port Harcourt, Rivers State

Alagbogu Gloria Ifeyinwa

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-11
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330126

Aims: To examine Tenement housing and domestic conflict among Residents in Rivers State, Nigeria

Study Design:  Cross-sectional survey design

Place and Duration of Study: The study was carried out in Mile 1 and Mile 2 Diobu, Port Harcourt

Methodology: Triangulation methodology was used in this study to obtain insight into the problem. Both quantitative and qualitative methods were used.  With the quantitative method data were collected using questionnaire and with the qualitative method data was collected using FGM and interviews with respondents. Probability design involving a simple random sampling technique was used.

Results: The result revealed an existing relationship between the common use of the toilet, bathroom, kitchen etc. and conflict among dwellers of tenement houses Furthermore it was revealed that there was a relationship between overpopulation and conflict among tenement house dwellers and that there is a relationship between tenement house pattern and conflict among dwellers.

Conclusion: It was concluded that a comprehensive approach should be employed to continuously check quality in housing structures and allocation. Also, realistic policies that will alleviate the suffering of Nigerians as it pertains to housing should be enacted and implemented.

Open Access Original Research Article

Influencing Factors of ‘Yaba’ Addiction among the Youth of Bangladesh and Its Effect: A Qualitative Study

Minhazur Rahman Rezvi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-7
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330127

Yaba has become the leading drug in the southeast part of Bangladesh during the last several years; particularly among youth. In-depth interviews were conducted with the yaba addicted youth of Cox's Bazar district. The study examined interventions of peer groups and internal factors of addiction to yaba and also analyzed threats of yaba addiction. 60% of respondents revealed that due to the influence of peer group they started using yaba. There have been other reasons for taking yaba, which were curiosity, extra power & entertainment, besides parent's negligence. Yaba dealers also target youth and students as the best clients for their products. Yaba addiction ruins family norms and social values, parent-children relationship and it has a greater impact on the academic aspect of a student. Yaba addiction influences youth to involve themselves in micro crimes to major crimes such as theft, stealing, murder etc. It has become a challenge to stop yaba trafficking for Bangladesh.

Open Access Original Research Article

The Relationship between Athlete Satisfactions with Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovations

Siti Nur Ain Zakinuddin, Sabarani Haji Ghazali

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-8
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2019/v9i330128

Athlete satisfaction is a sense of satisfaction derived from the leadership, experience and behavior of the coach. This study will expose the athlete’s satisfaction in sports and give advantages of the sports industry generally in Malaysia and particularly at Universiti Utara Malaysia. This study will be helpful in completing research related to sports topics as the results of this study will be able to see the relationship between Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovation with Athletes Satisfaction. The subjects of the study were 42 athletes of Universiti Utara Malaysia. This study uses quantitative methods conducted through questionnaires. The use of Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 25.0 has been carried out to determine the results of descriptive analysis, reliability and correlation. The results show, athlete’s satisfaction has a positive relationship with the Coach Management Training Programme, Transformational Leadership and Sports Innovations.