Open Access Case study

The Atmosphere of Infinity Mirrored Room (A Work of Yayoi Kusama) as the Branding of Museum Macan in Jakarta

Drs. Sahlan Toro, M. Si, Yulianti, S. Kom, M. Hum

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 37-42
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230144

One of the well-known artists in the world, Yayoi Kusama, successfully hypnotizes the visitors of Museum Macan with the works shown. From her artworks, there is a contemporary installation that is the hallucination of the mental disorder suffered. She named its work as Infinity Mirrored Room. The room atmosphere made has been copyrighted by museums all over the world; one of them is Museum Macan in Jakarta. The management party not only promotes this installation to the media but also makes it as the city branding of Museum Macan. The research is interested in conducting by using a qualitative method through a description of process and analysis. through interview techniques directly in the museum to the visitors, museum assistants, and security officers and documenting it in the form of photos. The result of this research shows that the implementation of the atmosphere by using Barry and Evan’s theory can realize the City Branding Image of Museum Macan based on Anholt theory.

Open Access Original Research Article

Embracing Radicalism and Extremism in Indonesia with the Beauty of Islam

Iffatin Nur, A. Hasyim Nawawie, Hiba Fajarwati, Hani Chusna

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-18
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230141

The phenomena of radicalism and extremism in religiosity, especially are a global trend. They are widespread easily due to technological advancement, especially in the information and communication fields. This study tries to explore the mainstreaming of Islamic moderation in encountering such phenomena in Indonesia. It is qualitative research employing the documentary technique for collecting data, then analyzing them through discourse and content analysis. The results of this study indicate that, based on awareness of the reality of the struggle between radical extremism and the moderate Islam in today's global world, the portrait of "the beauty of Islam" consisting a blend of truth, goodness and beauty and a recognition to the highest respect of the preservation of man’s religion, soul, offspring, intelligence and wealth, need to be probed and presented forward. Indonesia, - a country with the largest Muslim population and rich in diversity,- can become a role model in countering radicalism and extremism by disseminating the practices of moderate Islam to its adherents.

Open Access Original Research Article

Origin of Worshipping the Mother Goddess in Vietnam

Vu Hong Van

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 19-29
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230142

For centuries Mother Goddess worship has been a source of strength, inspiration and spirituality in Vietnam, particularly among working-class families. Along with the worship of ancestors, the belief of worshipping the village tutelary gods, the worship of Mother Goddess has maintained an important position in the spiritual life of the Vietnamese people. Though over throughout many the years, this form of folk the religion has waxed and waned, recently there has been a resurgence following the inscription by UNESCO in 2016 of the phenomenon of Mother Goddess worship (Dao Mau) as intangible cultural heritage. Much as it plays an important role in contributing to the Vietnamese culture, there are many different viewpoints on the origin of this religion. This article contributes to helping readers have a more complete and comprehensive view of the origin of this important folk religion of the Vietnamese people.

Open Access Original Research Article

Human Development, Government Spending and Economic Growth in West Africa

Olabode Philip Olofin

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 30-36
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230143

This study verifies the role of government spending on the relationship between human development and economic growth in West African Countries using an extension of human development measure. We generate a new measure of human development that considered environmental influence by performing Principal Component Analysis on environmental variables such as: (i) Atmospheric Pollution (i.e. carbondioxide (CO2), (ii) emmissions, fossil fuel energy consumption, methane (CH4) and (iii) Nitrous (N2)) and incorporate welfare measures used by HDI (i.e. Education, Health and Income) to generate a scientifically weighted index (HDIGEN).The study employed Fixed effect method using annual time series data between 1980 and 2017. The results showed that human capital on its own is positively, statistically and significantly related with output. However, when human capital is interacted with government spending (GSHK), negative relation was found, but not statistically significant. These results might not be found wanton in the sense that all the countries under study are documented among the corrupt nations. Most of the funds meant for augmenting human capital might not be spent for the purpose for which they are meant. We found negative relationship between human development and output when we used the most common measure of human development (HDI) and the generated one (HDIGEN), but only the one generated was statistically significant. The results showed that measuring human development requires holistic approach of measure, especially consideration of environmental factors. When we interacted government spending with HDIGEN, we discovered positive relation and statistically significant results, while the interaction of government spending with HDI, showed negative and statistically insignificant results. The implication is that if government of these countries can be sincere in spending on improving environmental factors while focusing on improving human development, sustainable development goal can equally be achieved.

Open Access Original Research Article

Perceived Impact of Urban Waterfront Dwellers’ Forced Eviction on Housing, Security and Social Support System in Njemanze and Otodo-Gbame Informal Settlements, Nigeria

Collins H. Wizor, Chike Arinze Emerueh

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 43-56
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v10i230145

This paper focuses on the impact forced eviction has on the lives of urban waterfront community dwellers with regards to their housing, security and social support system. Its overall aim is to identify the level of impacts forced eviction had on the inhabitants of the urban waterfront communities and to highlight the need to view forced eviction as a major trigger for a humanitarian disaster. The focus was on two (2) urban waterfront informal settlements in two different cities in Nigeria, namely Njemanze community in Port Harcourt and Otodo-Gbame community in Lagos state. The survey research method was used in this study. A total of 150 questionnaires were administered to affected residents of Njemanze and Otodo-Gbame urban communities. The study revealed that the lives and livelihood of the target population were permanently damaged in one stroke by the singular act of forced eviction and that it provided the impetus for deeper housing problems and security challenges amongst others. It recommends that the government should understand that their first responsibility is to protect lives and property and against this backdrop, approach slum areas seeking community partnership in slum upgrading. Furthermore, the study strongly concluded that forced eviction does not lead to the eradication of slums, rather it causes a humanitarian crisis.