Open Access Original Research Article

Glocalized Terrorism: A Predictive Study of Psychological Symptoms and Socioeconomic Status on Herdsmen Violent Attack in Anambra State

Emeka A. Nwankwo, Chinenye Queen Omenyi- Sam, . Ezeakabekwe, Samuel Uche, Lilian Emeka- Aforka

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-12
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v11i230163

The study investigated glocalized terrorism as a predictive study of psychological symptoms and socioeconomic status on herdsmen violent attack in Anambra state. A Total number of two hundred and eighteen (218) individuals in Ayamelum and Anambra West local Government Area both in Anambra state; served as participant for the study. The study utilized non-probability (convenient sampling technique). Their age ranged from 22 to71 years and their mean age was 23.20 with standard deviation of 4.07. Terrorism Catastrophizing Scale (TCS) by Sinclair and LoCicero (2007) and Four-Dimensional Symptom Questionnaire (4DSQ) by Terluin (1996) were used to generate data. The study adopted Correlational design and Multiple Regression statistics was used to analyse the data. The analysis of the data showed that psychological symptom such as anxiety predicted herdsmen violent attack, while psychological symptoms like distress, depression, somatisation and socio-economic-status also did not predict herdsmen violent attack in Anambra State. Hence, the study concludes by establishing the recommendations for the study.

Open Access Original Research Article

Value Deficiency, Employment Generation and Crime among Youths in Nigeria: An Overview

Chukwuma C. Ukachukwu, Vincent M. Naetor

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 13-24
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v11i230165

Value deficiency and crime among the youths reflects the plethora of contemporary societal challenges that appear to inhibit social progress and national development. This paper therefore discusses value deficiency, employment generation and crime among youths in Nigeria. It examines the relationship between value deficiency and crime among youths in Nigeria despite several government efforts at employment generation. This paper argues that, although employment is a critical requirement for youths to realize their potentialities and release their contributory efforts to national development, the burden of value deficiency appears to vitiate such efforts and propel youth towards increasing crime. The paper identifies factors such as degradation and relegation of values as the causes of value deficiency in the Nigeria society. This paper adopted the Social Impact Theory [1] to emphasize its points. Secondary data collected from previous researches and analysis of scholars to demonstrate the facts stated here were analyzed using the descriptive method. The study finds that value deficiency increases the incidence of crime among youths and vitiates the efforts at employment generation in Nigeria. It recommends among others that youth development strategies must necessarily include value re-orientation and further re-orientation programmes and this requires the active support of the family, the community and the government.

Open Access Original Research Article

Mark of the Spirit: Body Marks as Icons of Spirituality among the Dangme in Ghana

Alice Korkor Ebeheakey, Steve Kquofi, Eric Appau Asante, Charlotte Buerkie Nubuor

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 25-35
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v11i230166

In African traditional religion, priding oneself in the beliefs and practices of one’s culture is intensely essential. The driving force for this is mainly the need to satisfy the will of a higher power. Cultural practices, being a channel between the living, the dead and the spirits is one of the ways in which a group of people satisfy the will of these higher beings. Body marking, among the Dangme, forms a great deal of aspects of cultural practices which connotes spirituality. This study discusses the concept of spirituality as enshrined in the body marks of the Dangme people of Ghana. To obtain the relevant information needed, the qualitative approach to research has been adopted using interviews and observation as the main data collection tools. These give a rich and in-depth understanding of the body marks that are practiced for spiritual purposes among the Dangme. This paper is a collation of findings from studies conducted between February, 2012 and February, 2019. It is evident from the research that, marks for spiritual purposes seemed to be practiced irrespective of the clan individuals hail from. These marks are seen as methods (or modes) of maintaining direct contact and proving allegiance to the spirits that protect them as a people.

Open Access Original Research Article

Decision Making Success; The Thrust of Virtual Meetings in the Nigeria Banking Sector

Patrick N. Nwinyokpugi, Amachree Ibim Taribo

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 36-46
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v11i230167

In view of the numerous challenges associated with contemporary meeting practice in an ever growing technologically driven society, the general purpose of the study was to determine how virtual meetings influence successful decision making process in the Nigeria banking sector. This descriptive research adopted a cross-sectional survey approach in investigating a homogenously characterised section of the sector in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, Nigeria. Eighteen (18) banks were chosen based on the convenience in accessibility and a census of all the senior managers including Information Technology based personnel were drawn for study. Thus, a census population derived was 216. A 5-point Likert Scale structured close-ended questionnaire was designed and adopted for data collection from the targeted respondents. This instrument was further validated for face/content validity and subjected to Croubach’s Alpha reliability test. Data collected were tested and analysed using the Spearman’s Rank Order Correlation Coefficient statistic and presented for clarity using the SPSS. Findings revealed the moderating effect of technology for virtual meetings and decision making success in the industry studied. Also, significant relationships exist between the different dimensions of virtual meetings and measures of decision making success in the banking sector and therefore recommendations were made in support of their adoption.

Open Access Original Research Article

Local Government Performance under a Federal System: The Nigerian Experience

Chukwuma Chinedu Ukachukwu

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 47-57
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v11i230168

This paper examines the local government practice under the federal system of government in Nigeria. It highlights the performance of local government system in Nigeria as a federal entity. It accounts for the circumstances which underline the performance of the local government system in Nigeria and the impact on its efficiency and effectiveness. The secondary method of collecting data has been adopted in this paper and data collected were subjected to further documentary analysis.  David Easton’s systems theory is employed as the theoretical framework. The findings reveal that because the practice of federalism in Nigeria has failed to take into account the heterogeneous composition of its peoples, it adopted a uniform system of local government which has failed to make impact on the people within their localities. The paper recommends enthronement of genuine and practical democratic federal cultures across the country and a fundamental review of the laws that created the Nigerian local government system with a view to evolving fewer but stronger local governments that are relatively independent, functional and adapted to meet peculiar local needs.