Open Access Original Research Article

Rental Policy of Military Combat Equipment for National Defense: A Trial

Aris Sarjito, Suyono Thamrin, Herlina J. R. Saragih

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i430194

Aims: The purpose of this research is to analyze the rental policy of military combat equipment for national defense.

Study Design: This study is descriptive and employed qualitative approaches.

Methodology: This study uses a qualitative analysis approach that aims to analyze the policy of renting combat equipment for the military, using rental theory as an analytical tool supported by policy theory, national defense, threat perception, and national security.

Place and Duration of Study: This research was conducted in Jakarta, Indonesia in September – October 2020.

Results: The results of this study are: (1) Indonesia has a firm stance on China's claims in Indonesia's Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) to defend its sovereignty in the Natuna Sea; (2) Indonesia's national security is related to how to maintain Indonesia's territorial sovereignty as a whole as a nation. The responsible institution is the TNI; (3) the basis of national defense is the Indonesian National Army which is developed as a defense asset that is professionally trained and equipped with modern technology; and (4) the policy of renting combat equipment to strengthen the military presence in Natuna is a step that must be seriously considered. There are many advantages to renting rather than buying: renters don't pay for repairs, renters get nice stuff too expensive for owners, renters don't tie up their money, renters have more bargaining power at work, renters have more flexibility in recessions, and renting can be good for the economy and the climate.

Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring the Psychosocial Wellbeing of Adolescents at Children’s Homes in Sri Lanka

Danesh Karunanayake, M. G. H. B. D. Rathnayake, N. D. U. Vimukthi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 23-40
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i430197

Psychosocial wellbeing is essential for children’s survival and development. Children’s homes provide temporary care to children until they can return to their families or a long-term alternative living arrangement is achieved. The number of children entering the children’s homes is increasing rapidly. They have to face lots of challenges in their life.  The purpose of this study was to find out their psychosocial wellbeing. The sample of six participants was selected through the convenience sampling method from two children’s homes. They were between the ages of 12 to 18 years. Semi-structured interviews were used to collect data and the data were analyzed using thematic analysis. Research findings indicated that living in children’s homes has been entirely different from living in a family. They have sufficient basic facilities such as food, clothing, medical care, educational facilities, and other sanitation facilities. Although children were meeting their physical needs at the children’s homes their psychosocial requirements remained more or less unaddressed. Most of the children reported that their life in the children's homes was not happy. Accordingly, they experienced one or more psychosocial problems that influenced their psychosocial wellbeing. 

Open Access Original Research Article

A Behavioral Study on Leisure Shopping Purchasing in Supermarket Setup

Nilanka Madushani, Shamini Howshigan

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 41-51
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i430199

Asian country retail sector blooming fast. Sri Lankan retail association expected a revolution in the retail sector. Recently Sri Lanka retail sector has been facing huge challenges with technology changes. Customers are more engaging with technology so in this situation, they are more informed toward their purchasing.

Retailers use many strategies and tactics to attract customers and enhancing market shares. Most of the retailers have used 4ps strategies (product, price, place, promotions). Apart from those traditional retail strategies, retailers adopt more innovative strategies for getting customers. Recently they have engaged with enhanced retailers display settings, in-store initiatives, online listening strategies with digital marketing, build retail navigation with buzz marketing, enhancing merchandising windows display, and recently most of the retailers using curbside also to explore new retail features to addition to that retailers maintain good sales staff, using leverage social media like Facebook, Instagram, SMS marketing, email marketing, and online contest and referral retailer marketing and influence retailers' strategies.

Sri Lanka retail sector accounts for approx. 34% of the country’s GDP,14% of the employments, and over 250 million. Footfall per annum thus contributing positively toward the national economy. Sri Lankan was ranked 12th in the global retail development index (GRDI).

The supermarkets' service providers face competition to attract customers and enhance their shopping behavior, to increase retail market share. Therefore, supermarket service providers should be conscious of the leisure shopping factors affecting shopping behavior.

This study aims to investigate the behavioral study of leisure shopping factors (wide choice, Atmosphere, Convenience, Salespeople, Location, promotional activity, merchandising policies) on customers' shopping behavior with regards to the retail industry. The objective of this study is to identify the level, relationship, and impact of leisure shopping factors on customer shopping behavior. This study was based on the customer's perspectives and their experiences with retail service. Data were obtained from a sample of 150 customers, and convenience sampling was used. The descriptive statistics, correlation, and regression analysis were used to analyses the data by using SPSS.

The results revealed that leisure shopping factors have a significant impact enhance customer purchasing behavior. Same as, leisure shopping factors (wide choice, Atmosphere, Convenience, Salespeople, Location, promotional activity, merchandising policies) impact on customer buying behavior significantly through customer leisure shopping factors. The study contributes to existing

Theoretical and practical knowledge by providing evidence regarding the relationship and impact between leisure shopping factors and customer buying behavior. The modern retail service providers, in Sri Lanka; it is growing rapidly with high competition between the service providers. Hence, this research has the potential to contribute to the overall modern retail service providers in terms of how to maintain long-term relationships between the service providers and their customers through the strategies of leisure shopping factors. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Naqshbandi Sufism in Southern Chile: A Case Study

Sebastián Pelayo Benavides Medina

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 52-68
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i430200

The present article presents the motivations and perceptions of Chilean Naqshbandi Haqqani Sufis. The research sought a deeper understanding of the experience of these practices in contemporary Chile, studying a specific case and some of its effects on the social integration of the participants. Perceptions of the intercultural contact involved were recorded and analyzed, with phenomena such as prejudices and discrimination, considering the country’s mainly Christian context. The most important themes analyzed in the results were the centrality of the concept of “search” and the weight of the figure of the master as motivating factors

Open Access Review Article

Discussion on Biotechnology and Food Policy: Taking China’s Genetically Modified Organisms (GMOs)

Md. Ashrafuzzaman, Md. Sayedur Rahman

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 14-22
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2020/v12i430195

This article presents the context of food system in China, and discusses how genetic modification policy of the country is affected by the change in the food system which is reflected in the debate on genetically modified organisms (GMOs). An overview of the development of biotechnology in China followed by an analysis of the theoretical framework of food system is given to analyze the transformation of China's genetic modification policy. This article concludes with a brief review of the Chinese government's framework and contemporary propositions based on the major research questions and the debate about biotechnology as reflected in China's food policy.