Open Access Original Research Article

Substance Abuse and Addiction among Undergraduates in Nigerian Private Universities; Communicating Behavioural Change for Sustainable Human Development

Oluwasola, Omolola, Layefa, Goodluck, Babaleye, Samuel Oloruntobi Taye

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 11-26
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v13i130203

Substance abuse among youths and young adults in Nigeria has been a significant health problem that threatens sustainable human development. There are a number of studies that have looked into drug abuse among adolescents. Some of the studies reported that youths experiment with substance abuse at some point in their lifetime.  However, not so many of such researchers examined the implications of drug abuse on sustainable human development. This gap was the motivation for this study. The study explored substance abuse and addiction among undergraduates in Nigerian private universities; communicating behavioural change for sustainable human development. The study was premised on the self esteem, family, availability and proneness and developmental stages theories of drug abuse. Using the purposive sampling technique, the key informant interview was used to elicit information from 140 youths who are substance abusers in a private university in south west, Nigeria. Structured interview was also conducted to elicit additional information from the Student affairs officer of the said university. Findings reveal that substance abuse among youths has multi-causal elements. Besides, it was gathered that a lot of communication measures have been directed towards changing substance abusers’ behaviour. It was recommended that wholesome concerted efforts must be made to eradicate the menace for sustainable human development. 

Open Access Original Research Article

Guided Mobile Learning for English Language Teaching: The Teachers’ Perspective

A. N. A. Kamal, M. A. K. Azlan, S. F. Ng, A. Manion

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 27-38
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v13i130204

Aims: This study evaluates teachers' perspectives on the integration of guided mobile learning through the Mobile Intervention Module (MIM) in English language teaching. As previous studies suggested that there are conflicting views among scholars with regards to mobile usage in classroom learning, this paper attempts to address scholars' concerns by suggesting English language teachers' opinions on the possibility of having practical guided mobile learning activities to complement the course contents.

Study Design: This study adopts a qualitative approach.

Place and Duration of Study: Universiti Malaysia Kelantan, Malaysia, between February 2019 to July 2019.

Methodology: Interview sessions are conducted among four language instructors to see how they perceive the effectiveness of guided mobile learning intervention towards teaching and learning. Content Analysis is later adopted to analyse the interview data where specific themes are derived. The concept of MIM that incorporates appropriate web learning tools is developed and explained. MIM functions as a comprehensive guide that matches the course contents to the most appropriate web learning tools.

Results: The results show that all instructors perceive guided mobile learning through the MIM positively. This study implicates that guided mobile learning could be useful in facilitating the teaching approach shift from conventional to technology-assisted, enabling the integration of interactive activities in learning, developing specific language skills and enhancing engagement. It should also be noted that there may be some adaptation barriers of mobile learning that can hinder learning process.

Conclusion: While it is recommended that mobile learning is integrated with lessons, to achieve effective results, however, as suggested in the findings of this study, it has to be guided, thus a proper module that links the syllabus to the mobile apps needs to be created.

Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Affecting Life Satisfaction with Mediating Role of Work Satisfaction of Employees’ in Insurance Companies in Sri Lanka

Wasantha Rajapakshe

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 39-50
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v13i130205

The study investigates how to work satisfaction influences workers' life satisfaction with job attribute assessment. Two hundred ninety-five operational level employees from 03 insurance companies in Sri Lanka were selected through Simple Random Sampling. The structural equation modeling approach (SEM) was applied to test the hypotheses. It has been discovered that employees' work satisfaction depends on work hazards; job characteristics and job attribute assessment, while job attributes assessment affected work benefits and cost, work hazards and job characteristics. The paper's findings revealed a strong positive relationship between work satisfaction and life satisfaction. It can be concluded that even though labor turnover is high among insurance workers, their life satisfaction depends on work satisfaction. These results denote that managers should specifically attempt to target enhancing work satisfaction by eliminating work hazards and setting job tasks along with building a good rapport with supervisor and employee, according to employee’s job position. The study recommends that policymakers identify workers' felt needs and satisfy those needs for a contented workforce to minimize labor turnover.

Open Access Original Research Article

Affective Domain: The Uncharted Area of Teaching and Learning in Tertiary Education

Phub Dorji, . Yangzom

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 51-65
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v13i130206

Aims: This study was conducted to examine how the learning opportunities and instructional designs be organized and responsibilities for the teachers be defined for students to acquire affective skills.

Study Design:  This exploratory research design adopted a qualitative approach.

Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in three colleges under the Royal University of Bhutan for a period of one year (2019-2020). 

Sample: Out of a sample of 10 college students (one each from 10 colleges under the Royal University of Bhutan) selected through purposive sampling technique, due to the impact of the ongoing pandemic, only three interviewees consented and participated in the interview.

Methodology: Data were collected using structured interview and systematic literature review. Review questions and criteria for inclusion and exclusion of articles for literature review were formulated and the PRISMA flow diagram was used to select review articles for systematic literature review. Using the content analysis technique, data gathered through systematic literature review and structured interview were analysed.

Results: The findings revealed that affective domain remains as one area of learning which is getting the least attention across the curriculum and from the educators. The lack of opportunities for students to practice the skills they learn in the classroom, inadequate use of CL structures and interactive learning methods in teaching, absence of affective elements in instructional designs and deliveries, teachers modelling skills and student-teacher relationships are some of the factors undermining the acquisition of affective skills.

Conclusion: In view of these findings, the researchers recommend scholars and educators to conduct more studies on affective domains; curriculum and policy developers to ensure the inclusion of all three domains of learning across the curriculum; management/stakeholder to acknowledge the importance of affective domain of learning and provide training to teachers on the development of affective skills; and teachers/educators to incorporate affective skills in their instructional designs and deliveries to help students to acquire affective skills.

Open Access Review Article

The Commodification of “Stay at Home” in the COVID-19 Pandemic Era in Indonesia

Frengki Napitupulu

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v13i130202

The COVID-19 pandemic disease spreading around the world, including Indonesia, makes changes in lifestyle. Stay at home is a jargon to break the chain of virus transmission by working from home, learning at home, and praying at home. All activities are mostly done online and virtually. It certainly becomes the competitive market for the industry of media providing the services for, at least, those three activities when staying at home. In the critical paradigm area, this study discusses how ‘stay at home’ experiences the commodification and it changes into a market for the industry of media related to technology, service provider, application, and advertisement. The findings related to the level of share capitalism and high supply and demand were presented in a descriptive qualitative method. The commodification of stay at home changes the behavior pattern of people who are staying at home related to both relations and interaction, consumption patterns, and the changing needs. The nature of stay at home in people’s lives as the center of life realization, the center of cultural activity, a place for interacting with each other, in the scope of family or community, has changed into a market. Stay at home as a place to communicate people’s necessities starting from the cultural aspect, social, economy, and psychology has changed in a digital home with a virtual theme.