Open Access Case study

Curtailing Dissonance amongst Clans in Kenya: A Deeper Insight into Maasai Clans’ Feuds in Narok, Kenya

Kelele Joshua

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 34-46
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v14i430245

Regions occupied with pastoral communities in Kenya are known to have intra-state conflicts. The main causes of conflicts and clashes are believed to be; grazing fields, water, encroachment by other communities, political leaders, and assimilation. The study thus sought to investigate the causes and remedies of conflicts and clashes among the Maasai clans of Kenya. A cross-sectional research design was used for the study. This design was opted to enable the researchers to determine the impacts of these variables in a more situational analysis perspective. From the study, 90.91% of the respondents agreed that there are clan tussles which 46% agreed to be caused by land ownership. It was also noted that the Ilsiria clan do not adhere to culture and more vulnerable in protecting their territories and culture, the Ilpruko are most favored on choosing political leaders, sale of land preference, and distribution of social amenities. The Ildamat is found to be the most oppressed clan. The respondents believed that remedies to the observed conflicts are through; equal distribution of resources, improving security, the fair appointment of leaders, land demarcation, education/religion, and intermarriages.

Open Access Opinion Article

Political Leadership and Public Accountability in Post-colonial Nigeria

Inakefe Gabriel Inakef, Bassey Virtue Uduak, Mbonu Felix Ifenna

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v14i430242

In the quest for transparency and accountability in the public sector, several political administrations have initiated public sector reforms to promote accountability and transparency in Nigeria. The paper investigates the impact of political leadership on political accountability and fiscal accountability in Nigeria. It also explains why the problem of lack of accountability has thrived despite the numerous reforms which have been introduced to abate it. Anchored in a documentary/historical research design, the paper observed that the problem of lack of accountability thrives because of legal lapses, weakness of civil society organizations, political patronage and the principle of possessive individualism/primitive capital accumulation that the country’s elites are buried in. The paper recommends policy learning, adherence to the principles of the constitution and constitutionalism, civil society advocacy, and recall to engender accountability in the Nigerian public sector.

Open Access Policy Article

Attitude and usage of Contraceptives among Married Couples in Northern Nigeria: A Review

C. S. Francis, A. M. Ahmed

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 25-33
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v14i430244

In Nigeria, particularly in Northern Nigeria, low contraception use is one of the most important predictors of high fertility. Traditional methods such as periodic abstinence and coitus interrupts are recommended over modern contraceptives, which include hormonal and non-hormonal options, because they are more effective and have lower failure rates. High rates of unplanned pregnancies, abortions, maternal illness, and mortality are all associated with low contraceptive use. Contrary to popular belief, modern contraception is an important part of maternal, infant, and child health care. The idea of contraception, modern and traditional methods of contraception, couples' attitudes about contraceptive usage, and variables that limit contraceptive use are all discussed in the report. The internet, academic publications, conference papers, and textbooks were used to gather secondary data. Women's attitudes regarding contraception were influenced by myths and misconceptions, opposition from their spouses, religion, traditional beliefs, and habits, according to the study.

Open Access Original Research Article

Rural-Urban Financial Literacy Divide in India: A Comparative Study of Kerala and Uttar Pradesh

N. P. Abdul Azeez, M. Nasira Banu

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 14-24
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v14i430243

One of the significant competencies required in the contemporary scenario is an awareness or knowledge of varied financial affairs and the skill to handle matters apropos of finance. The dearth of financial literacy precludes rural people from the country's formal financial system and created a rural-urban financial divide, especially in the digitalized era. Effective incorporation of financial literacy in formal education will lead to greater access to financial services. This paper tries to find the rural-urban financial literacy divide based on the primary data collected from two states of India, namely Kerala and Uttar Pradesh. A total of 400 samples respondents were taken by using the multi-stage sampling technique. A comprehensive approach for measuring financial literacy is developed by constructing the Financial Literacy Index (FLI), which comprises financial knowledge, financial behaviour, and financial attitude. The results concluded with the rural-urban financial literacy divide findings as the financial literacy in rural areas is consistently lower than in urban. The results expose the need for a persistent and prolonged intervention from all the stakeholders, including policymakers, to enhance and sustain financial literacy to accomplish a bright financial decision making by the rural people.

Open Access Review Article

Resource Control and Secessionist Movements in Nigeria: Implications for National Unity and Development

Ahmed Babatunde Adeosun

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 47-66
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2021/v14i430246

The geographical entity called Nigeria came into existence on January 1, 1914, when the then Northern and Southern protectorates were merged. Since then, successive governments in the country have been trying to unite the diverse elements that make up the country, all to no avail. From the North and South, there have been called for the dismemberment of the country due to the failure of successive administrations to address the national questions.  It is against this backdrop that this paper examines the issues confronting Nigeria’s unity and suggests a way forward. The paper is anchored on elite and frustration-aggression theories and relies on secondary sources of data. The paper contended that injustice, high-handedness, and marginalization of certain sections or regions of the country in the governance of the country accounted for resource control and secessionist movements in the country. The paper suggests justice and inclusiveness of all sections of the country in the affairs of the state, among others.