Open Access Original Research Article

Factors Influencing Social Participation and Self-esteem among Children with Cognitive Disability within African Families: The Case of Ilala District in Tanzania

Harold Rwegoshora, Fauzia Mohamed, Cosmas Mnyanyi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-13
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230300

Social participation is one of the main strategies for teaching children and imparting to them problem solving skills, fostering self-confidence and making them feel valued in the family and community. This study aimed to examine the extent to which social impacts their self-esteem, with particular focus on children with cognitive disability among African families. The study was conducted in Dar es Salaam region, specifically in Ilala Municipality in Tanzania. The study adopted the qualitative approach. The target population was children with cognitive disability, their parents and included parents with no children with disabilities, neighborhood, community members and community leaders. The total number of respondents in the study was 66. The study was based on exploratory design which required the researcher to use different methods of data collection, including informal interviews, observations, and focus group discussions. Social participation was measured in terms of the frequency with which a child participated in family activities and how frequently the family members paid attention and listened to them. On the other hand, self-esteem was measured in terms of the observed level of confidence demonstrated by the children as they performed or participated in activities at family level. The main findings of the study were that there was minimal frequency at which children with cognitive disability participated and interacted in family chores. There was also minimal frequency at which children were listened to by the members of their families. The study noted that, the observations made were mainly due to the social environment in which the children lived. An unfriendly environment was one of the main causes of low self-confidence and low self-esteem among the children with cognitive disability. The study concludes that a child’s self-esteem is a product of his/her social living environment. The study recommends that policy makers involved in children’s social welfare do all they can to encourage parents and other family members to change their current mind sets and outlooks regarding children with cognitive and other mental disabilities as they while taking advantage of available social welfare support services, psychotherapy services and involving other stakeholders in children’s welfare in the alleviation of socially unacceptable disregard, low treatment and general lack of concern for the proper upbringing, care and support of all children with particular focus on those with cognitive or mental disabilities.

Open Access Original Research Article

New Media Adaptation through Environmentally Friendly Dissemination Messages at a Religious Organization during the COVID-19 Era in Indonesia

Vellycia Njoko, Gatut Priyowidodo

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 14-27
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230301

This study seeks to explore new media adaptation through environmentally friendly dissemination messages at a religious organization during the Covid 19 era in Indonesia. This study used the phenomenographic method in a constructive/interpretive paradigm to explore the difference in the experience of members of the congregation who participate in online worship versus face-to-face worship to demonstrate environmentally friendly dissemination messages. Data collection was carried out through in-depth interviews with informants who represented three levels of membership of ordinary members, church administrators, and organization administrators. Secondary data was obtained through the documentation of social media of the religious organization (the Christian Church of East Java) in Surabaya, East Java Province, Indonesia. The findings of this study confirm different variations of experience in synchronous and asynchronous worship. The variety of experiences is divided into knowledge, feelings, and mindset of the congregation. Synchronous message dissemination contributes strongly to the knowledge, feelings, and mindset of the congregation in facing changes in worship models. This study contributes by offering an alternative to the phenomenographic method in the study of organizational communication. The limitation of the study lies in the object of the study which is limited to informants from the local church in urban areas. This research has yet to accommodate the online worship experience for congregations in rural areas.

Open Access Original Research Article

Exploring the Interrelation between Time Management and Academic Achievement among University Students

Rahul Bhattacharya, Md. Nazmul Alom Tipu, Bishwajit Sarker, Mohammad Saifuddin Durud

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 28-37
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230302

Time management plays a very important role in personal and professional life. Several studies have demonstrated that judicious use of time positively affects academic performance. This study was carried out to assess the relationship between time management and academic achievement of the students of Sylhet Agricultural University. Moreover, the study aimed to know if there was any gender difference in time management. Based on the literature review on time management, survey research has been identified as the most prominent design to study time management. The time management questionnaire developed by Britton and Tesser was used as a study tool for its reliability and validity. A total of 187 students were selected from Sylhet Agricultural University as respondents for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, and ANOVA. The results of this study do not suggest a significant relationship between time management and academic achievement. However, females manage time better than males in short-range and long-range planning.

Open Access Original Research Article

Participation in Decision-Making and Perceived Organizational Support as Predictors of Psychological Safety among Secondary School Staff

Chiamaka O. Joe-Akunne, Henry Samuel Edosomwan, Samson Chizaram Gladness

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 46-55
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230305

Psychological safety, employee participation in decision-making, and organizational support have become key issues in organizational behavior literature. Consequent to the aforementioned, this study examined employee participation in decision-making and perceived organizational support as predictors of psychological safety among the staff of secondary schools. A quantitative cross-sectional survey and the predictive design were utilized for investigating the direct nexus between the variables. Data were collected from 150 employees working in secondary schools in Awka and Amawbia of Anambra State, Nigeria, using the simple random sampling technique. The participants comprise 78 females (51.8%) and 72 males (48.2%) with a mean age of 30.2 years and a standard deviation of 8.3. Three standardized self-report measures of psychological safety, perceived organizational support, and participation in decision-making were used for collecting the data while regression analysis was used for testing the two research hypotheses via the IBM-SPSS version 23. The result of the study showed that perceived organizational support significantly and positively predicted psychological safety (\(\beta\)= .081, p < .05). Also, employee participation in decision-making was not a significant predictor of psychological safety (\(\beta\)= -.014, p > .05). This implies that an increase in organization support promotes psychological safety, while an increase or decrease in participation in decision-making does not facilitate psychological safety in the organization. Hence, it is recommended that policies governing engagement in management and managerial support should be reformed for employees in secondary schools because of the positive impact it has on psychological safety in the workplace.

Open Access Original Research Article

Communicating Environment in Literature: Designed Class Session Guides Streamlining Literary Greenness

Brenfred N. Romero

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 56-74
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230319

This study determined the literariness of the film, The Lorax, presented in environment−related sequences with the aid of cinematic elements; the environmental laws and principles violated by the film’s characters based on the issues they caused; the environmental value positions based on the characters’ belief statements; and the research participants’ modes of actions, reflective of their environmental ethics; which were the  bases of the researcher in the designing of session guides, showing the greenness of literature and in consolidating inputs for curricular revision. This study gave its lenses on the concepts in teaching literature reflected and shown in selected sequences in the film; pointed out environmental laws and UNCHE principles violated by “The Lorax” characters based on the environmental issues presented in the students’ concepts; identified environmental value positions based on the belief statements of the characters as recalled by the researcher and the research participants; elicited modes of citizen actions as suggested by the research participants, wherefrom the Environmental Ethics for Filipinos of the latter were determined; designed session guides in English Seven (7) showing greenness of literature through “The Lorax”; and devised inputs for curricular revision. The research participants indicated modes of citizen actions which revolve around ecomanagement, consumer action, persuasion, and political; wherefrom their ethical standards were based. These results enabled the researcher to design session guides showing greenness of literature. 

Open Access Review Article

Evolving Technology in Arts, Fashion and Textile Design

Oluwafunmilola Lois Ajayi, Oyebode Olalekan Ayodele, Christopher Gabriel Falode

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 38-45
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i230304

Art an expressive medium uniquely human, involving conscious use of skill and creative imagination. Technology is reinventing how art and designs are made which is more efficient, faster and more accurate. The embracing of technologies by the textile world has accelerated the consumption of textile products in the 21st century compared to the previous centuries. It has made it simpler for different brands in the fashion industry to display their styles and vogues to a larger audience while the emergence of designing applications has made designs unique. Using the art of the 1990s as an example, there are obvious differences and improvements in the means of expression and content compared to the art of the 21st century. The increase in the use of computers and the internet made it simpler for people's interactions and sharing of ideas which contributed to growth in the industry. This paper identified how information technology has enhanced the growth of arts and textile industry.