Open Access Original Research Article

Investigating Secondary School Students' Level of 21st Century Skills

Berrak Kocaman

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 1-10
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i330306

Aims: In this study, the 21st century skills of secondary school students were examined according to gender, grade level, educational status of parents and Internet variables.

Study Design: The survey method was used as the method of the research.

Place and Duration of Study: The study group of the research consists of 421 secondary school students studying in six schools in Salihli district of Manisa province in the 2021-2022 academic year.

Methodology: “Secondary School Students' 21st Century Skills Scale” was used to collect data and descriptive statistics, Mann Whitney U Test, Kruskal Wallis H-Test were used in the analysis of the data.

Results: According to the data obtained as a result of the study, it has been determined that the 21st century skills of secondary school students are at a high level. Secondary school students' 21st century skills did not differentiate in a statistically significant way depending on the gender and educational status of parents while it was determined that there was a significant difference in terms of the grade level and the internet connection variable.

Conclusion: It was determined that the students' 21st century skills levels were at a high level. It was determined that gender and parents’ educational status did not make a significant difference in the 21st century skills of secondary school students while grade level and internet connection at home did.

Open Access Original Research Article

Word Order in Turiturian of Batak Toba Language

Nurhayati Sitorus, . Mulyadi

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 11-17
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i330307

Aims: This research is aimed to investigate the word order in Turiturian of Batak Toba language

Study Design: Qualitative research was applied in this research.

Place and Duration of Study: It is library research. So, it was completed in Universitas HKBP Nommensen and the research was conducted from February to June 2022.

Methodology: In this research data was taken from the folklore entitled ‘Sigalegale’. The data in this research was clause or sentences found in the folklore. The data was analyzed by using Miles and Huberman analyses. Tree stages that used in analyzing the research, namely data reduction, data display, and data conclusion drawing/verification.

Results: The result of the research shows that the basic word order found in Turiturian of Batak Toba language consists of two types, namely VSO and SVO. The other pattern also found, namely SV and SVC.

Conclusion: Based on the research findings, it can be concluded that the structure of the clause patterns of Turiturian in Batak Toba language includes SV, SVC, SVO and VSO. The structure of SV and SVC patterns occurs in transitive clauses, namely sentences that do not require objects in the sentence but already had meaning. At the same time, the structure of SVO pattern occurs in the active sentence. In this case, a morphological process occurs which is marked by the prefix -'mam' in the 'verb'. Furthermore, the structure of VSO pattern occurs in passive sentence which is indicated by the addition of the prefix -'di' on the ‘verb'. In addition, the VSO structure is also marked with a nominal modifier. From these findings, it can be said that the basic word order of Batak Toba language is SVO and VOS. The structure SV and SVC patterns exists if there is no object in the clause/sentence. This research is only limited to the word order in the clause/sentence. Therefore, it is necessary to do further research on the word order in phrases.

Open Access Original Research Article

Parents’ Attitude toward Their Children with Special Needs in Public School

N. Pesiao, Marilou

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 18-26
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i330308

Aims: The birth of a child is a sign of faith and hope, prompting expectations of continuity and perpetuation. The mere existence of the newborn. the baby's and appearance, are usually a source of pride. But what if the child requires special needs and attention from the members of the family. This study was conducted to determine the attitudes of parents with children with special needs.

Study Design: Using a descriptive-correlational method of research, the parents were being surveyed using the Attitude Scale of Parents of Children with Special Needs, an adapted instrument.

Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in the Divisions of Digos City and in Davao del Sur, Philippines in 2021-2022.

Methodology: A test was done using the Pearson-r correlations to determine the relationship between the demographic’s variables and the attitudes of the parents.

Results: The demographic profile of the respondents revealed that majority of the parents belonged to the middle-aged adults, low-income groups, high school graduates and from big family size or households. The result revealed age and family size showed no relationship or influence to the attitudes of parents toward their child with special needs. However, educational background and family income showed significant relationship. The results of the survey revealed that the respondent has very good attitudes and manifested positive coping attributes in spite of their situation.

Output: A parenting enhancement plan was offered as an output of this study to improve the delivery of services and the entire special education program of the Department of Education.

Open Access Original Research Article

Documenting the Traditional Marriage Rituals of the Tagakaulo Tribe in Malita, Davao Occidental

E. Catipay, A. Sinang

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 27-51
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i330309

This study aimed to document and investigate the practice of the traditional marriage rituals of the Tagakaulo tribe in Malita, Davao Occidental. This utilized the ethnographic approach, using the purposive sampling procedure. Participant observation and in-depth interviews were used in gathering the data. Findings revealed that panag-tawag, bribe services, the man proving their intentions to the woman's parents, and the obligation to marry within the tribe are the traditional rituals These rituals are rigidly followed because members of the tribe believe it is the way of receiving their Gods' provisions and blessed married life. On the other hand, the practice of traditional marriage rituals itself has socio-cultural implications, two of its most alarming implications involve imposed responsibilities and obligations to children to be wed at young ages and the cultural insensitivity of other communities because of the tribe's bribe services or the giving of bugay. Nonetheless, this sheds light on the impact of traditional marriages on the relationship of Tagakaulo tribesmen with other communities. Hence, external interventions by NCIP and LGUs must be necessary to address its drawbacks, socio-cultural impact on the wellbeing of minority groups.

Open Access Original Research Article

Workplace Bullying against Certified Registered Anaesthetists in the Tamale Metropolis in the Northern Region of Ghana

Owen Akowan Jnr Ati, Abdulai Abubakari

Asian Research Journal of Arts & Social Sciences, Page 52-62
DOI: 10.9734/arjass/2022/v17i330311

Background: Workplace bullying is a major occupational hazard globally with negative consequences on employee health and organizational performance. Workplace bullying has significant implications for quality care delivery and care outcomes.

Aim: We sought to investigate the nature and occurrence of workplace bullying and its effects on the health and job performance of Certified Registered Anaesthetists (CRAs) in the Tamale Metropolitan area of the Northern Region of Ghana. The characteristics of workplace bullying against CRAs included assigning unpleasant and menial tasks, spontaneous anger, hostilities, intimidation, unmanageable workload and threats of physical violence or actual abuse.

Methodology: The study was conducted at Tamale Teaching Hospital (TTH), the largest referral hospital in northern Ghana. Data was collected from Certified Registered Anaesthetists, doctors, nurses, and hospital administrators, using interviews, questionnaires, and observations.

Results: Prevalence of workplace bullying was 56.5% by quantitative inventory and 74.2% by subjective inventory. Also 40.3% of participants had witnessed bullying against a CRA often and 75.3% had suffered physical and psychological effects from bullying, 16.1% were off-duty between 1-20 days within the last 6 months as a result of bullying.

Conclusion: The study concluded there is a high prevalence of workplace bullying against CRAs in the Tamale Metropolis with psychological and physical consequences on the victims that could affect quality patient care, care outcomes and loss of man-hours at work. It is recommended that workplace policy and worker education be undertaken by the metropolitan health directorate to urgently address the issue of workplace bullying.